13 Choice of Contraception

13 Choice of Contraception

Windowofworld.com – Planning a prosperous family by regulating pregnancy spacing can be started by choosing and using the right contraception.

Contraception is a method or tool used to prevent pregnancy. There are different types of contraception, each with their own benefits and drawbacks. Some family planning is considered to make the body fat, so many women are reluctant to use this type of birth control. However, studying all of the types allows you to determine which one is the most appropriate for you.

1. Natural way

Family planning is naturally done by avoiding sexual intercourse when a woman is at her most fertile. Detecting the fertile period can be done in various ways such as calendar calculations, checking body temperature, and changes in vaginal fluids.

Pros: does not need any costs, tools, or drugs.

Deficiency:

  • Limiting sexual relations that are carried out spontaneously.
  • A miscalculation can result in a quarter of people who adopt this method experiencing pregnancy.

2. Birth control pills

Birth control pills are the most commonly used contraceptive and contain the hormones progestin and estrogen to prevent ovulation. These pills are known in two main types, from those containing progesterone alone and combination pills.

Advantages:

  • Very effective. The failure rate or risk of pregnancy is only 8%.
  • Smooth menstruation and reduce cramps during menstruation, can also stop menstruation, depending on the type.

Deficiency:

  • Does not protect users from sexually transmitted diseases.
  • Can present risks such as increased blood pressure, blood clots, spotting, and hardened breasts.
  • Some women are advised not to take birth control pills, for example: those with a history of blockage of blood vessels, heart disease, liver disorders, breast or uterine cancer, migraines, to high blood pressure.

3. Male condom

Male condoms prevent pregnancy by blocking the entry of sperm into a woman’s body.

Advantages:

  • Not expensive.
  • Protects users from most sexually transmitted diseases.
  • Easy to get.

Deficiency:

  • The failure rate is as high as 15%, especially if condoms are not used properly.
  • Disposable.

4. Birt Control injection

There are two types of birth control injections. The contraceptive injection that works for three months to prevent pregnancy, and the contraceptive injection that works for 1 month.

Pros: More effective and practical than birth control pills, with a failure rate of 3%. If used correctly, the failure rate for 1 month birth control injections is lower at less than 1%.

Deficiency:

  • Relatively expensive.
  • Monthly family planning injections require regular monthly visits to a doctor or midwife.
  • Does not provide protection against sexually transmitted diseases.
  • May cause side effects such as blood spots.

Some women are not recommended to use this contraceptive in several conditions, for example: having a history of migraines, diabetes, cirrhosis of the liver, as well as strokes and heart attacks. In addition, it is also not recommended for women who want to maintain their menstruation regularly because birth control injections can cause side effects in the form of irregular menstruation (oligomenorrhea) or longer menstruation.

5. Implants

This contraceptive is a small object the size and shape of a matchstick that is inserted under the skin, generally in the upper arm. This implant birth control slowly releases the progestin hormone which functions to prevent pregnancy for 3 years.

Advantages:

Very effective with a failure rate of less than 1%.
Can last up to 3 years.

Deficiency:

  • Relatively expensive.
  • May cause side effects such as irregular menstruation.
  • May cause bruising and swelling early in the insertion.
  • Does not provide protection against sexually transmitted diseases.

6. IUD

IUD stands for intrauterine device. The IUD is a T-shaped plastic that is placed in the uterus to block sperm from fertilizing an egg. There are two main types of IUDs:

IUDs made of copper, such as ParaGard, can last up to 10 years.
IUD containing hormones, such as Mirena, need to be replaced every 5 years.

Advantages:

  • Does not require complicated maintenance.
  • Durable.

Deficiency:

  • ParaGard can cause menstrual irregularities.
  • Can be off.
  • May cause side effects.
  • Expensive upfront costs.

7. The female condom

The female condom is a plastic covering the vagina. There is a plastic ring at the end which acts to adjust the position. This female condom cannot be used together with the male condom.

Advantages:

  • Provides protection from sexually transmitted diseases.
  • Maintain body temperature better than male condoms.

Deficiency:

  • Less effective than male condoms.
  • May make annoying sounds.
  • Disposable.
  • 21% failure rate.

8. Spermicide

Spermicides are products that are applied in the vagina before sexual intercourse. Products in the form of jelly, cream, membrane, or foam contain chemicals that can kill sperm.

Pros: inexpensive and easy to use.

Deficiency:

  • Some types need to be applied 30 minutes before sexual intercourse.
  • If it is used too often, it can cause irritation and increase the risk of sexually transmitted infections.
  • Generally it needs to be used in conjunction with other contraceptives.
  • The failure rate is around 29%.

9. Diaphragm

The diaphragm is made of dome-shaped rubber that is placed in the cervix before sexual intercourse. Usually used in conjunction with spermicides.

Pros: not expensive.

Deficiency:

  • Does not provide protection against sexually transmitted diseases.
  • 16% failure rate, especially if not worn properly.
  • Installation must be done by a doctor.
  • Must be removed during menstruation.

10. Cervical Cap

Shaped like a diaphragm, but with a smaller size. The device used together with this spermicide is placed to block the entrance to the uterus.

Pros: inexpensive and can be used for up to 2 days.

Deficiency:

  • The failure rate is 30% for women who already have children, and 15% for those who don’t have children.
  • Installation must be done by a doctor.
  • Must be removed during menstruation.
  • Does not provide protection against sexually transmitted diseases.

11. Koyo Ortho Evra

This patch is placed on the skin and changed once a week for three weeks. The patch should be removed by the fourth week. Patches work by releasing hormones that are just as effective as those in birth control pills.

Advantages:

  • No need to bother remembering to take pills.
  • Smooth menstruation and minimize cramps during menstruation.

Deficiency:

  • Relatively expensive.
  • Does not provide protection against sexually transmitted diseases.
  • May cause side effects similar to those of birth control pills.

12. Vaginal ring

The vaginal ring or NuvaRing is a plastic ring that is used inside the vagina. This plastic ring releases the same hormones as birth control pills.

Advantages:

  • It only needs to be replaced once a month.
  • Smooth menstruation.

Deficiency:

  • Relatively expensive.
  • May cause irritation and side effects.
  • Does not provide protection against sexually transmitted diseases.

13. Withdrawals

Pregnancy can be prevented naturally by pulling the penis out before ejaculation.

Advantages:

  • It doesn’t cost money, tools, or hormones.
  • 4% failure rate.

Deficiency:

  • Sometimes it just can’t be done.
  • Does not provide protection against sexually transmitted diseases.

In addition to some of the contraceptive options above, there are also natural contraceptive methods for mothers who have just given birth, namely the lactation amenorrhea method or exclusive breastfeeding.

The contraceptives above are all temporary. In addition to the above methods, there is a permanent contraceptive method called a vasectomy. In this way, the vas deferens ducts that carry sperm from the testes are closed so that the sperm cannot be released. Even though it requires surgery, this method is almost 100% effective.

In general, after looking at various contraceptive options, choosing the appropriate and disciplined one and following the instructions for use can increase the protective effectiveness of this device in preventing pregnancy.

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13 Choice of Contraception - Window Of World

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