4 Benefits of Gamma Rays as Brain Neurosurgery
Windowofworld.com – Gamma rays are often used in neurosurgical procedures to treat various diseases of the brain, such as brain tumors. This is because the use of gamma rays is considered safer, causes minimal pain, and has a low risk of complications.
Gamma rays radiation or also called a gamma knife (gamma knife) is a therapeutic treatment that does not involve an incision on the scalp to open the skull, but instead emits hundreds of gamma rays directed at areas of the brain that are affected.
Benefits of Gamma Rays in Brain Nerve Surgery
The following are some types of disorders of the brain that can be treated with surgery that utilizes gamma rays:
1. Brain tumor
Gamma ray radiation can damage genetic material or DNA from tumor cells, so it can eradicate tumor cells and make tumors shrink slowly.
Therefore, gamma ray radiation is often used to treat brain tumors, both benign and malignant brain tumors or brain cancer. Gamma ray surgery can also be done to treat brain tumors that arise due to spread from other organs (metastasis).
2. Arteriovenous malformation (AVM)
AVM or venous artery malformation is a condition when there is a disruption in blood vessels in the brain that causes blood flow in the brain to be disrupted.
Over time, blood vessels that experience AVM will become more fragile and break easily. When the blood vessels that experience these abnormalities burst, the brain will experience bleeding.
To overcome abnormalities in blood vessels in the brain due to AVM, gamma ray surgery can be one of the treatment therapy options that can be done.
3. Trigeminal neuralgia
Trigeminal neuralgia is a disorder in one or both trigeminal nerves, the nerves that are responsible for receiving and conveying physical stimulation in the forehead, cheeks, and lower jaw. This nerve disorder causes pain or pain in the face that feels like an electric shock.
4. Acoustic neuroma
Acoustic neuroma (vestibular schwannoma) is a benign tumor of the nerves in the ear that is responsible for maintaining body balance and hearing function.
Acoustic neuroma can make sufferers experience hearing loss, dizziness, loss of balance, and ringing in the ears (tinnitus).
In addition, gamma ray radiation surgery can also be used to treat pituitary gland (pituitary) tumors found in the base of the brain. This gland is a very important gland because it functions to regulate various bodily functions, such as stress response, metabolism, and sexual function.
Benefits of Gamma Rays for Neurosurgery
The most common advantage of surgery with gamma ray radiation is that no incisions are needed. Gamma ray surgical procedures only utilize gamma ray radiation. Gamma ray surgery also does not require general anesthesia or general anesthesia.
In addition, the use of gamma rays for neurosurgery also has other advantages, such as:
Gamma ray surgery only works in areas that are disturbed, so that the surrounding area is not much exposed to radiation.
To guide the procedure of gamma ray surgery and minimize the risk of side effects that can occur, usually the doctor will also use imaging methods, such as CT scan or MRI.
2. The recovery process is faster
Because it is done without an incision, this method does not cause severe pain, so the recovery process can be faster. The short duration of hospital treatment also allows you to get back on your activities faster.
3. High success rate
The success of gamma ray radiation in treating brain tumors is fairly high. This method has also been proven to be successful in increasing the life expectancy of patients with certain diseases that are treated with gamma ray surgery.
Risks of Gamma Rays for Neurosurgery
Although relatively safe, the use of gamma rays for neurosurgery can also cause the following side effects or complications:
- Nausea and vomiting
- Blurred vision
- Loss of balance or dizziness
- Weakness in limbs
- Hair loss
- Swelling in the brain
However, the risk of these side effects varies from person to person. These side effects can also appear within a short time after the procedure performed gamma ray surgery, but can also occur within a few weeks or months.
Therefore, after undergoing gamma ray surgery, you need to regularly check yourself back at the doctor at the hospital to make sure that you are in good condition.
If you feel some side effects after undergoing gamma ray surgery, immediately consult with a neurosurgeon to get the right treatment.