4 Nose Diseases That Can Affect You
One important function of the nose is as a respirator. There are various nasal diseases that can interfere with this function, ranging from medical conditions to the effects of accidents.
The nose as the main organ supporting the sense of smell also has the function of filtering air that is inhaled from dust, germs and irritation. Another important function is to warm and moisturize the air that is inhaled, to prevent the lungs and respiratory tract from experiencing dryness.
Know a variety of nasal diseases
One of the most common nasal disorders is congestion due to the flu. Other disorders that can afflict the sense organs of smell, including:
1. Bloody nose or nose
Another common nose disease is nosebleeds. This condition that often causes panic, apparently rarely indicates a serious health problem. Nosebleed itself is considered a mild health disorder and is common considering that there are many blood vessels in the nose.
Nose areas that are rich in blood vessels are on the front and back surfaces. These blood vessels are very fragile so it is easy to bleed. Adults and children aged 3-10 years are a group that is prone to nosebleeds.
2. Nasal dividing wall abnormalities
One of the nasal diseases that can cause you to experience breathing problems is deviation of the septum. This condition is characterized by disturbances or deviations from the location of the nasal septum which is a dividing wall between the right and left nasal cavities made of bone and cartilage.
This can cause an imbalance of air flow in the respiratory tract. This disorder can occur in some people unnoticed. Generally, new sufferers will experience complaints when there are significant problems with breathing and require doctor handling. The cause of this nose disease is usually due to congenital or injury to the nose.
3. Nasal polyps
Other nasal diseases that can afflict you are nasal polyps. Nasal polyps are characterized by soft-textured bumps, are painless and are not a cancer category. Usually, the lump grows in the respiratory tract or cavity. This disease generally affects adults and can be cured by medical measures.
Usually, the initial condition of the presence of nasal disease does not cause any symptoms. As the size of the polyp develops, it is more likely that the lump will obstruct the nasal passages causing respiratory problems, loss of sense of smell, and often cause infection.
Rhinitis is divided into two, namely allergic rhinitis and nonallergic rhinitis. Allergic rhinitis occurs when the body produces immunoblobulin E (IgE) when it responds to allergens (allergens). Then the substance histamine and leukotriene will be released in the body, which makes the nasal lining can experience an inflammatory reaction.
While the causes of nonallergic rhinitis are more varied, ranging from exposure to cigarette smoke, a pungent aroma, weather changes, to irritation of dust. In addition, other nasal diseases are common nasal fractures due to hard blows or blunt impact to the face. This injury is included in severe cases because it causes pain, swelling and difficulty breathing.
In general, handling minor nasal fractures is enough to do at home. While treatment from a doctor is needed if the pain gets worse, often bleeding, swelling that does not go away and the nose looks crooked.
Whatever type of nasal disease, do not be underestimated, especially if the symptoms are getting worse. Immediately visit a doctor to be given proper care and treatment.