4 Ways to Overcome and Causes of Knee Swelling
Swollen knees can occur when there is an increase in fluid around the knee joint. This increase in fluid overload can be caused by a variety of factors, including untreated injuries or severe collisions in the knee.
Swollen knees can affect anyone regardless of age, but the people most at risk are the elderly. Not only that, people who are overweight or obese are also at risk of experiencing this condition.
Understanding the Causes of Swollen Knee
One cause of knee swelling is an injury that causes a sprain or sprain. When the knee ligament is released, there will be pain and swelling in the knee. Besides sprains, the knee can swell also can be caused by several diseases and certain conditions, such as:
Osteoarthritis is the most common type of arthritis. This condition can cause pain and swelling in the joint area, as well as cartilage damage. If the knee cartilage is damaged, the bones of the feet will rub against each other, causing swelling and impaired movement of the knee joint.
Rheumatoid arthritis is inflammation of the joints due to autoimmune disorders. Unlike damage from osteoarthritis, damage from rheumatoid arthritis can reach the outer layers of the joints, bones, and the area around the joints. This condition can cause swelling in the joints, such as wrists, ankles, and knees.
Septic arthritis is inflammation of the joints caused by germs, such as bacteria, viruses, or fungi, which cause tissue and fluid infections around the joints. This condition is usually preceded by an infection in another part of the body that spreads through the bloodstream and reaches the joints. Symptoms can include pain, inflammation, fever, and swelling in the affected joint, including the knee.
How to Overcome Swollen Knee
There are several treatments that you can do at home to reduce swelling and pain in the knee, including:
1. Rest your knees
When your knee is swollen, first stop the activity and rest your knee. This method can reduce pain and swelling in the knee.
2. Compress with ice
Compress knee swelling with ice to reduce swelling and prevent swelling from worsening. Compress for 10-20 minutes, at least three times a day.
3. Give knee pads
When lying down, position a swollen knee higher than the chest. You can put a pillow under the knee as a support.
4. Consumption of drugs
Several types of painkillers can be an option for treating swollen knees, including nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and paracetamol. Take the medication according to the dosage listed on the package or as directed by your doctor.
The cause of knee swelling varies, it could be due to an injury, it could also be due to certain diseases. You can reduce complaints with the method above. But if your knee is swollen, hurts, and is difficult to move, you should consult a doctor to get a proper examination and treatment.