5 Causes of Late Menstruation
Windowofworld.com – Late menstruation can indicate pregnancy, but there are other causes besides being pregnant that can make your period late, generally a hormone factor.
Menstrual irregularity can be a normal condition when it occurs in the initial menstrual period or when entering the menopause period. Women generally start menstruating at the age of 10-15 years. Because this is the first time menstruation, hormones need to adapt so that menstruation becomes irregular. This condition can last for two years. Likewise, when menopause is new at the age range of 45-55 years.
Normally, women get a period every 21-35 days. If you don’t have your period during this time, pay attention to the following factors that might be the cause.
1. Weight is not normal
Excessive weight loss or low body weight can cause menstrual irregularities. Likewise, the state of being underweight or obese. The body weight of the Asian population can be said to be normal if the body mass index (BMI) is at 18.5-22.9. BMI is obtained from the calculation of body weight (kg) per height squared (m) 2. If your weight is not normal, you are advised to have a healthy and balanced diet coupled with regular exercise.
2. Take the contraceptive pill
This can also cause irregular periods, allowing you to experience menstruation late. This is because the contraceptive pill contains the hormones estrogen and progestin that hold the ovaries in order to release an egg. Apart from pills, types of contraception such as implants or injections can also cause menstrual irregularities. If you are no longer using contraceptives, it usually takes up to six months to return to a normal menstrual cycle. Not only contraceptive pills, several types of drugs also have side effects that can impact the menstrual cycle, such as antidepressants, antipsychotics, and chemotherapy drugs.
3. Prolactin hormone levels are too high
For example, when women are breastfeeding, it can also cause late menstruation, and even stop menstruating during this period. The signs of prolactin hormone levels that are too high can be seen from the discharge, such as milk from the nipple, whether you are pregnant, breastfeeding, or not both.
Stress can have an impact on hormones and even the part of the brain that regulates menstrual periods. Prolonged stress can trigger illness or sudden weight changes, either in the form of gain or loss. This condition in turn will disrupt the menstrual cycle.
If you feel stressed, try to relax. Changing your lifestyle to be healthier with a good diet and regular exercise can also help restore your menstrual cycle.
5. Certain medical conditions
Such as polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), an overactive or inactive thyroid gland, and chronic diseases such as diabetes can also affect the menstrual cycle. Ovarian polycystic syndrome is thought to result from a hormonal imbalance. Symptoms include many cysts on the ovaries or ovaries and irregular or absent menstruation.
Meanwhile, an overactive or underactive thyroid gland also affects the menstrual cycle. This is because the thyroid is responsible for regulating the body’s metabolism which will have an impact on hormone levels. Along with thyroid medication, menstruation can return to normal. Hormonal changes are also associated with changes in blood sugar. That’s the reason people with diabetes whose blood sugar is not controlled can experience irregular periods.
Late menstruation conditions should not be left too long. Once you realize that you have not had your period for three months, see your doctor immediately to find out possible causes. It is important to write your menstrual cycle into a personal health record.