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5 Diseases of the Male and Female Reproductive System


5 Diseases of the Male and Female Reproductive System

Diseases of the reproductive system can affect men and women. This disease can be caused by infection, inflammation, genetic disorders, hormonal disorders, even cancer. Diseases that attack the reproductive system have a high chance of causing fertility problems.

The male and female reproductive system is unique. Each reproductive system has different structures and functions. However, both are designed to allow fertilization of the egg by sperm, which will continue into pregnancy.

Like other systems in the body, the reproductive system can also experience interference or disease. Because the structure and function are different, diseases of the male and female reproductive system will also be different.

Rows of Disease in the Women’s Reproductive System
The female reproductive system consists of external and internal organs. The inner female reproductive organs include the vagina, uterus, fallopian tubes (fallopian tubes), and ovaries (ovaries). While the outer female reproductive organs consist of the vulva, Bartholin’s glands, and the clitoris.

Some diseases of the female reproductive system that often occur are:

1. Endometriosis

One of the diseases of the female reproductive system that we often hear is endometriosis. This disease occurs when the tissue that forms the inner lining of the uterine wall grows elsewhere in the body.

The tissue can grow in the ovary, the back of the uterus, intestines, or even in the bladder. This misplaced tissue will cause severe menstrual pain, heavy menstrual bleeding, pain during sexual intercourse, and difficulty getting pregnant.


2. Pelvic inflammation

The second disease that often occurs in the female reproductive system is pelvic inflammation. This disease is caused by an infection-causing bacteria that creeps into the pelvis through the vagina or cervix.

One of the most common causes of pelvic inflammation is sexually transmitted diseases, such as chlamydia and gonorrhea. If not treated properly, this disease can cause long-term pelvic pain, blocked oviducts, infertility, and ectopic pregnancy.


PCOS or polycystic ovary syndrome is a condition that affects female hormone levels. Women who suffer from this disease will produce more androgen sex hormones.

As a result, sufferers will experience irregular menstruation, or even no menstruation at all, and difficulty in getting pregnant.

4. Myoma

Myoma or uterine fibroids are benign tumors that grow in the uterus. Tumors of the myoma are formed from uterine muscle tissue. Diseases of the female reproductive system often attack women of childbearing age.

Symptoms can include bleeding from the vagina outside menstruation, pelvic pain, cramping or pain in the abdomen, back pain, often feel like urinating, and pain during intercourse.

5. Cancer of the female reproductive organs

Cancer of the female reproductive organs is known as gynecological cancer. Some types of gynecological cancer are uterine cancer, cervical cancer, ovarian cancer and vaginal cancer.

Diseases of the Male Reproductive System
Men also have a reproductive system that is outside and inside the body. Male reproductive organs located outside the body include the penis, scrotum (testicular sac), and testes.

While the male reproductive organs in the body are the epididymis, the vas deferens channel, urinary tract, seminal vesicles (semen sacs), prostate gland, and bulbourethral gland.

The following are some diseases that can lurk male reproductive system:

1. Epididymitis

This disease occurs due to inflammation of the epididymis, the channel in the scrotum that attaches to the testis. This channel acts to transport and store sperm produced by the testes.

Epididymitis can cause swollen and painful testicles, semen containing blood, pain during urination and ejaculation, and fertility disorders.

2. Orchitis

This disease is a disease of the male reproductive system that is quite common. Orchitis is inflammation of the testes, which is usually caused by a bacterial or viral infection. Orchitis can attack one testis or both at the same time.

Just like epididymitis, orchitis can also cause swollen and painful testicles. If left untreated, this disease can cause infertility and decreased testosterone production.

3. Prostate disorders

The prostate is a gland in the male reproductive system that encloses the urinary tract or urethra. This gland produces seminal fluid which functions to fertilize and protect sperm.

Disorders of the prostate can be in the form of prostate inflammation (prostatitis), prostate enlargement (BPH), or prostate cancer.

4. Hypogonadism

Hypogonadism in men occurs when the body does not produce enough testosterone. In adult men, this condition can cause decreased libido, impaired sperm production and function of the reproductive organs, and infertility.

5. Problems with the penis

Problems with the penis are not infrequently complained of by men. Some diseases that can attack the male reproductive organs are erectile dysfunction, penile deformities, such as hypospadias or crooked penis (Peyronie’s disease), and penile cancer.

In addition to various diseases of the reproductive system mentioned above, men and women can also be affected by sexually transmitted diseases, such as genital herpes, HIV / AIDS, syphilis, and gonorrhea. This disease is transmitted from one person to another through sexual contact.

Diseases of the reproductive system, both men and women, can cause infertility. Therefore, you are advised to always maintain the health of the reproductive organs by undergoing safe sex and carrying out regular health checks to the doctor to detect certain diseases.

If you experience disorders or complaints in the reproductive system, immediately consult a doctor to get the examination and proper treatment.

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