5 Diseases that can be transmitted through breast milk
Breast milk is known as one of the main food choices in babies. However, there are several diseases that can be transmitted through breast milk. Come on, recognize what diseases can be transmitted through breast milk, so that Busui (breastfeeding mothers) can prevent transmission to your child.
Giving ASI for children aged 2 years can provide many benefits for their health. Besides having a complete nutritional content, breast milk is also more practical and can strengthen the bond between mother and child.
Diseases that can be transmitted through breast milk
Breast milk is produced by the mother’s body, so that some diseases experienced by nursing mothers can also be transmitted through breast milk. In addition, the process of breastfeeding which involves closeness and direct contact between mother and baby can also facilitate transmission of the disease to the baby.
Diseases that can be transmitted during breastfeeding include:
1. Tuberculosis (TB)
Breast milk does not transmit tuberculosis (TB), but this disease is easily transmitted through fluids from the respiratory tract (droplets) that spread when people sneeze or cough.
Therefore, nursing mothers who suffer from active tuberculosis (still contagious) are advised not to breastfeed directly and continue to wear masks when close to their babies. If nursing mothers suffer from active tuberculosis, the baby needs to get breast milk.
Nursing mothers who suffer from tuberculosis are only allowed to breastfeed directly, if they have been undergoing TB treatment for at least 2 weeks and the condition is declared non-communicable or no longer contagious.
2. Hepatitis (A, B, C, E)
Transmission of hepatitis A and E during the breastfeeding process is considered very rare, so Busui need not worry too much. Nursing mothers who suffer from hepatitis B and C can also still give milk to their babies.
However, hepatitis B and C can be transmitted through blood. If a nursing mother suffering from hepatitis B or C has an injury to her breasts, the breastfeeding process must be stopped temporarily until the wound heals.
In addition, babies born to mothers infected with hepatitis B must get a full hepatitis B vaccination for 1 year.
3. Herpes simplex
When nursing mothers experience herpes simplex, direct breastfeeding can still be done as long as there is no herpes rash on the breast. However, if there is a rash, the breastfeeding process must be stopped temporarily, both directly and through breast milk.
This is because babies who come into contact with the rash or consume breast milk from the affected rash have a high risk of contracting this infection.
4. Chicken pox
Nursing mothers who experience chickenpox 5 days before giving birth or 2 days after it is recommended to avoid direct contact with the baby. This phase of infection will last 2 days before the appearance of the rash until the rash is completely dry.
Although no direct contact is permitted to avoid transmission, breastfeeding is still permitted. After the smallpox rash is dry, Busui can breastfeed the baby again.
5. Sexually transmitted infections (STIs)
Each type of sexually transmitted infection has a different route of transmission, including through breastfeeding. In nursing mothers who suffer from HIV, it is not advisable to breastfeed at all because transmission of the HIV virus can occur through breast milk.
In nursing mothers who suffer from trichomoniasis, it is recommended to take medication before breastfeeding their baby. While mothers who suffer from chlamydia, gonorrhea, and HPV infections are not prohibited from breastfeeding their children.
Other conditions that can delay breastfeeding babies are nursing mothers who use drugs, suffer from infection with type I or II HTLV (human T-cell lumphotrophic virus), or are suspected of being infected by the Ebola virus.
When nursing mothers suffering from DHF or mastitis, and nursing mothers who suffer from or suffer from breast cancer, it is advisable to consult a doctor before giving exclusive breastfeeding.
Although breastfeeding has benefits for both mother and baby, Busui still needs to pay attention to some of the conditions described above before breastfeeding your child. If Busui has certain health conditions, do not hesitate to consult with your doctor so that breastfeeding remains safe.