6 Types and Symptoms of Anxiety
Windowofworld.com – Anxiety or anxiety is a normal thing that is felt when someone faces a situation or hears news that causes fear or worry. However, anxiety needs to be watched out if it arises without cause or is difficult to control, because it could be caused by anxiety disorders.
Anxiety disorders and anxiety are not the same. Anxiety is considered normal if it is still under control and disappears after the triggering factor for anxiety arises.
However, if feelings of anxiety persist or worsen until they interfere with daily activities, the condition can be said to be an anxiety disorder.
Know the Various Symptoms of Anxiety
Everyone can feel anxious when they want to face or are in situations that are felt to be threatening or frightening, for example moving schools, starting a new job, going through surgery, having friends or family members affected by a disaster, or waiting for a wife to give birth.
The emergence of anxiety because they have to deal with situations or circumstances that are considered to cause stress is normal. Anxious people will usually experience the following symptoms:
- Nervous, nervous, and tense
- Fast heartbeat
- Quick breathing
- Difficult or even unable to sleep
- Sweating a lot
- The body feels weak
- Difficulty concentrating
- The feeling like a danger will be overwritten
Differentiating Normal Anxiety from Harmful Anxiety
Anxiety or anxiety is not always bad. With positive thoughts, anxiety that arises can be used as motivation or encouragement to be able to overcome certain challenges or situations.
For example, when it comes to examinations or job interviews, anxiety may make you motivated to study or prepare for a job interview as well as possible.
The thing to watch out for is when anxiety still arises even though the triggering factor is gone or anxiety arises without apparent reason and interferes with activities. In this case, you should suspect an anxiety disorder.
Each patient can feel different symptoms, depending on the type of anxiety disorder they are suffering from. To determine whether anxiety appears fairly normal or is caused by a mental disorder, it is necessary to do an examination by a psychologist or psychiatrist.
Some Types of Anxiety You Need to Know
The following are the types of anxiety disorders or anxiety disorders and their symptoms:
1. Generalized anxiety disorder
Someone who suffers from general anxiety disorder can feel anxious or overly worried about various things, ranging from work, health, to simple things, such as interacting with others.
Anxiety that arises due to generalized anxiety disorder can be felt every day and persists for more than 6 months. As a result, sufferers of this anxiety disorder will be difficult to undergo activities and daily work.
In addition to the emergence of disturbing anxiety, sufferers of general anxiety disorders can also feel tired, tense, nausea, headaches, difficulty concentrating, tightness, and insomnia.
Phobias are a type of anxiety disorder that makes sufferers have excessive fear and tend to be irrational towards an object, animal, or certain situation that does not cause fear in most people.
People who have phobias can experience panic attacks or intense fear when they see an object or are in a place that triggers phobias, such as spiders, blood, being in a crowd, a dark place, a high place, or a closed room.
Therefore, people with phobias will usually make every effort to distance themselves from the things or situations that they fear.
3. Social anxiety disorder
People with social anxiety disorder or also known as social phobia have anxiety or fear that is extraordinary about the social environment or situations where they have to interact with others.
This phobia sufferer always feels supervised and valued by others, as well as being afraid or excessively embarrassed when in the crowd. These things make the sufferer always try to avoid situations that require him to meet or interact with many people.
4. PTSD (post-traumatic stress disorder)
Post-traumatic stress disorder or PTSD can occur in someone who has experienced a traumatic event or is in a dangerous situation that is life threatening. For example, living in areas of conflict or war, being affected by natural disasters, or victims of violence.
People who suffer from PTSD often find it difficult to forget their traumatic experiences, whether they cross their minds or while dreaming, which then makes them feel guilty, isolated, and difficult to socialize with others.
Sometimes people who have PTSD can also experience insomnia and even depression.
5. Panic disorders
Maybe you have felt panicked when you get shocking news, for example when there are family members or close relatives affected by the disaster. However, this is normal for you to experience. In contrast to panic disorder sufferers who can feel scared or panic for no apparent reason.
Anxiety and panic attacks due to this disorder can appear at any time and occur suddenly or repeatedly. When panic symptoms arise, panic disorder sufferers can usually feel a number of other symptoms, such as palpitations, cold sweats, dizziness, shortness of breath, and the body trembles and feels weak.
People with panic disorder cannot predict when the disorder will appear or what the trigger is. Therefore, not a few people with panic disorder who distance themselves from the social environment for fear of panic attacks recur in public places.
6. Obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD)
People who suffer from OCD disorders have a tendency to do something repeatedly to relieve the anxiety that comes from their own minds. For example, washing hands must be 3 times because he thinks his hands are still dirty.
This disorder is difficult to control, is permanent, and can recur at any time so that makes sufferers disturbed to carry out daily activities.
Some Ways to Overcome Anxiety
To reduce or prevent anxiety, you can use the following methods:
- Enough time to sleep and rest
- Limit consumption of caffeine and alcoholic drinks
- Reduce stress by trying relaxation techniques, such as meditation and yoga
- Doing physical activity or exercising regularly
- Try to exchange ideas or share with friends
If the methods above have been done and the triggering factors anxiety has also been resolved but the anxiety has not disappeared, you should consult a psychiatrist. To determine the cause and type of anxiety disorder that you experience, a psychiatrist will conduct a psychological examination.
If the results of the examination indicate that you have an anxiety disorder, the psychiatrist will overcome the anxiety that you feel with psychotherapy and counseling, as well as administering sedatives if needed.
Anxiety that arises due to anxiety disorders over time has the potential to make sufferers feel depressed, want to commit suicide, to abuse drugs or alcoholic drinks. Therefore, if you experience it, consult a psychiatrist immediately.