9 The Risk of Serious Disease Behind Itchy Skin
Windowofworld.com – Hives or pruritus are very common conditions. This can cause discomfort, resulting in sleep disturbances, anxiety, and depression. You have to be careful if the itchy skin feeling occurs for a long time and is accompanied by other symptoms, because it can be an indication of a more serious disease such as kidney problems.
Itching can be felt in certain areas or all over the body. Redness or a rash is a symptom that often accompanies itching. In general, this condition subsides on its own, or goes away after being treated with over-the-counter medicines. However, there are times when the itching doesn’t go away and may be an early symptom of a more serious condition.
Factors Behind Itching
It is important to identify the cause of itching in order to determine the appropriate steps for treatment. Insect bites are one of the most common causes of itching. But apart from that, there are many other things that can trigger itching, namely:
1. Diseases of the skin
For example eczema, scabies, psoriasis, folliculitis, and prurigo. Itching is generally only felt in certain areas of the skin, and is accompanied by symptoms of skin irritation, redness or spots on the skin.
2. Dry skin
Dry skin (xerosis) is usually caused by environmental conditions, such as air with low humidity, taking too long to shower or wash, and constantly being in an air-conditioned room.
3. Nervous disorders
Such as multiple sclerosis, diabetes, pinched nerves, or shingles.
4. Internal disease
Such as hepatitis, cirrhosis, celiac disease, iron deficiency anemia, kidney failure, thyroid disorders, leukemia, and lymphoma.
5. Allergic reaction or irritation to certain substances
For example, allergic irritants due to clothing, chemicals in soap, cosmetics, allergies to certain foods, drugs or plants.
6. Hormonal changes during pregnancy
During pregnancy, some women experience itching in the abdomen, arms, thighs and breasts due to hormonal changes.
Some of the skin problems that can develop during pregnancy include urticaria, pruritus and plaques that cause a rash and itching on the thighs and upper abdomen. This itching will generally subside after delivery.
Hormonal changes at menopause can cause itching.
For example smallpox, ringworm, and mushrooms.
9. Psychological conditions
For example depression and anxiety disorders.
Tips for Preventing Persistent Itching
Scratching is not the solution to getting rid of itching. Scratching the itchy skin can make it sore, scar, and even infected. The right treatment for itching depends on the factors causing it
Here are some general guidelines you can follow to get rid of itching.
- It is better to rub rather than scratch the itchy area.
- Minimize your consumption of spicy foods, caffeine, and alcohol, which can affect blood flow and make itching worse.
- Compress the itchy area with a cloth dampened in cold water.
- Trim your nails so that you won’t cause injury if you can’t help scratching the itchy area.
- Take a shower in water that is neither too hot or cold, and limit the bath time to no more than 20 minutes.
- Avoid wearing clothes with materials that add to the itching, such as wool or clothes that are too tight.
- Apply moisturizer after showering to keep skin moisturized.
- Use mild soap so as not to irritate the skin.
- Use a non-hot sheet with a smooth surface.
- Always try to relax and manage your stress as much as possible, as anxiety can make itching worse.
In addition to the simple methods above, itching due to certain conditions can also be treated with antihistamine drugs and corticosteroid creams that are sold freely in the market.
However, you should immediately see a doctor if you feel itching all over your body but you do not know what caused it, the itching makes it difficult for you to sleep, causes sores on the skin, or if home treatments cannot relieve the itching in your body. your skin.
To help facilitate a doctor’s diagnosis, you can inform the things below:
- When did the itching start.
- What are the accompanying symptoms (if any).
- List of medicines that have been taken in recent times.
- Are currently undergoing a certain diet.
- Have ever traveled to a certain place.
- Has had contact with anything that could cause itching, such as pet dander.
If the doctor suspects a more serious disease, you will be asked to undergo supporting tests, such as checking the levels of iron in the blood, checking thyroid function, kidney function, or X-rays to check the lymph glands.
Doctors sometimes prescribe calcineurin inhibitors (calcineurin inhibitors) to suppress the performance of the immune system, in order to reduce skin inflammation.
Itching generally won’t leave scars on your skin if you don’t scratch it. Don’t hesitate to see a dermatologist, in order to get the right treatment.