What is social anxiety disorder?
Windowofworld.com – Social anxiety disorder, also known as social phobia, is extreme fear in social situations or that involves certain performance – especially situations that are totally foreign or where you feel you will be watched or evaluated by others.
The basis of social anxiety disorder or social phobia is fear of being observed, judged by the public eye, or embarrassing yourself in public. You may be afraid that people will think badly of you or that you will not perform / work as well as expected or be equal to others.
Social anxiety disorder is a type of complex phobia. This type of phobia has a devastating, disabling effect on the life of someone who has it. This disorder can affect one’s confidence and self-esteem, disrupt relationships and performance at work or school.
What causes social anxiety disorder?
Similar to many other mental health conditions, social anxiety disorder is a disorder that is most likely to occur as a result of a combination of genetic and environmental factors.
Anxiety disorders often decrease in the family, so you are more likely to have this disorder if there are close family members who have the same condition. However, the exact reasons for the relationship of genetic makeup and learned behavior are still unknown.
Parental behavior can also have an impact on the development of social anxiety disorder in their children. If you have parents who are always worried or a little worried about you, this can affect your ability to deal with anxiety during childhood, adolescence, and adulthood.
If you think you have this condition, you should try to visit a doctor. The two most common types of therapy for dealing with social anxiety disorder are prescription drugs (antidepressants or anti-anxiety) and psychotherapy or cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT). Both approaches can be done together as a combination.
What triggers social anxiety disorder?
Social anxiety disorder can wreak havoc on the lives of people who suffer from this condition. Individuals who have social anxiety disorder, or social phobia, may have very limited social or romantic relationships, making them feel helpless, lonely, even alienated.
Some people can experience anxiety and nervousness in certain situations, for example facing a job interview. But for others, anxiety and nervousness are related to certain specific social situations, for example:
- Speak in public
- Shown on the call
- Meet new people
- Being the center of attention
- Be observed when doing something
- Making small talk
- Be teased, teased, or criticized
- Talk to important people or authorized figures
- Called in class
- On a date
- Make / receive calls
- Use a public toilet
- Carrying out exams
- Eat and drink in public places
- Speak at a meeting
- Attend parties or gatherings of friends
What are the signs of social anxiety disorder?
Anxiety and anxiety are commonly experienced by some people to some extent, many people feel shy or self-conscious on several occasions, but this will not hinder – or even paralyze – their daily functions. However, individuals who have social phobia will experience excessive anxiety and worry about the situation before, during and after – looking for reasons not to be present, playing for time, or trembling violently when they want to talk until you have difficulty speaking – to disrupt their daily routine. and cause tremendous suffering.
Emotional symptoms of social phobia, including:
- Feeling very self-conscious and overly nervous in everyday social situations (which others take for granted)
- Intense anxiety for days, weeks or even months before the upcoming social situation
- An extreme fear of feeling observed or valued by others, especially people you don’t know
- Fear very much that you will embarrass yourself
- Fear very much that other people will realize that you are nervous
Physical symptoms of social phobia, including:
- Shortness of breath
- Stomach ache, nausea
- Tremble, including trembling voice
- Tearing heart or chest tightness
- Sweating or hot flashes
- Feeling dizzy or fainting
Behavioral symptoms of social phobia, including:
- Avoiding social situations to a degree that limits your activities or interferes with your routine
- Avoid eye contact
- Stay still or hide behind to avoid others being aware of your presence
- The need to always bring friends wherever you go
- Drink (alcohol) before facing any social situation to calm down
- Often, children with social phobia even refuse to go to school because of the symptoms they are experiencing.
Social phobia is different from shyness
However, social anxiety disorder is not just ordinary shame that is often misunderstood by the wider community. Social anxiety disorder can wreak havoc on the lives of people who suffer from this condition. Individuals who have social anxiety disorder, or social phobia, may have very limited social or romantic relationships, making them feel helpless, lonely, even alienated.
Critics of the diagnosis of this disorder show that psychiatrists and pharmaceutical companies publish social phobias, aka social anxiety disorders, in order to increase sales of psychotropic drugs, especially among young people. In addition, some argue that whether social phobia is merely “medicalization” of variations in the spectrum of human temperament.
Responding to the criticism above, quoted from the National Institute of Mental Health, Marcy Burstein, Ph.D, and the team examined the level of normal shyness among adolescents and other characteristics that overlapped with social phobia symptoms using data from the National Comorbidity Survey-Adolescent Supplement (NCS-A), a national face-to-face survey of more than 10 thousand American youths aged 13-18 years. Social phobia is examined using a standard set of diagnostic criteria from a psychology and psychiatric guidebook: Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM-IV), while shyness is examined with a scoring session of the question “How embarrassed are you when you are surrounded by people you don’t know well ? ”
The research team found that while half the population of participants identified themselves as shy, only 12 percent of the total shy children also met the criteria for social phobia in their lives. What’s more, among young people who don’t identify themselves as shy, about five percent of them meet the criteria for social phobia. These results indicate that shyness / shyness with social phobia is not always directly related. In fact, the presence of social phobia features in the self may be as a stand-alone entity, separate from shame, in some cases.
In addition, individuals who have social phobia are consistently more likely to also have other psychiatric disorders in their lives, such as depression, personality disorders (PTSD, for example), or drug abuse, when compared to shy child groups. Those who have social phobia also exhibit a higher level of inability to work in the work or school environment, or among family members or peers. Furthermore, they are less likely to get rescue care than children who are genuinely shy.
In short, Burstein’s research has proven that social phobia is not just a shame that is misunderstood. Conversely, social phobia affects a small proportion of young people and only a small proportion of those who consider themselves shy.
Social phobia is also not ‘Anti Social’
“Anti-Social” are people who are considered to be loners, have no friends, and are “not social”.
Introvert personality traits are often assumed to be shy, social phobic, or even avoidance of social situations. But make no mistake. Many introverts can easily socialize; they are only more comfortable when they are not socializing. Meanwhile, antisocial personality disorder that is actually characterized by patterns of behavior that are exploitative, full of deception, ignoring the law, violating the rights of others, and abusive (tend to be criminal) – without a clear or logical motive.
For someone who has a social phobia, his involvement in a particular social situation can threaten his safety.
This situation may be so frightening to you that you experience excessive anxiety just by thinking about it or trying as hard as you can to avoid it. They are afraid of acting or saying something they think will be very embarrassing, like blushing, sweating, or appearing as someone who is incompetent (“I will look like a fool”; “My voice will sound shaky and I will certainly be a shame of myself “;” People would think I was very stupid “). And although you may realize that your fears are a little irrational and excessive, you are unable to do anything to reduce that anxiety.
Your fear of social situations can sometimes build up and trigger panic attacks, where you feel extreme fear, panic, and anxiety. Panic attacks usually only last a few minutes. You can also experience some physical symptoms, such as feeling sick / feeling unwell / chills / nausea and want to vomit, sweating profusely, and heart beating fast. These symptoms often reach a peak before they actually subside. Although these symptoms can be worrisome, they do not cause physical damage.