Be careful, it turns out diabetes can cause senility quickly
People with diabetes can experience various health complications if they do not routinely control blood sugar levels and monitor their health conditions. These health complications can affect various organs of the body, including the brain. This can put diabetics at high risk of developing dementia or senility.
People who are senile or show symptoms of dementia experience a disruption in the part of the brain that causes the process of learning, remembering, thinking, and speaking to be disrupted. Alzheimer’s disease is one of the most common types of dementia. Then, what is the relationship of this disease with diabetes?
Relationship between Diabetes and Dementia
Although more research is still needed, it is now known that the older a person with diabetes, especially type 2 diabetes, the greater the risk of him suffering from dementia. Here are some possible causes:
1. Nerve damage
Diabetics tend to experience an increase or decrease in extreme blood sugar levels due to interference with the hormone insulin. As a result, brain nerve cells cannot use blood sugar as an energy source.
This is why thinking ability can be disrupted if glucose levels are too high or too low. In severe conditions, this condition can even cause nerve damage because the brain lacks energy.
2. Blood flow to the brain is not smooth
Uncontrolled diabetes in the long run can increase inflammation in the body, so the risk of damaging blood vessels. If blood vessel damage occurs in the brain, blood flow to the brain can be disrupted so that Alzheimer’s disease appears.
3. Beta amyloid protein levels increase
High blood sugar levels are also associated with high protein levels called beta amyloid. This buildup of protein can disrupt the brain’s work and cut signals between nerve cells of the brain, resulting in symptoms of dementia.
4. Blood sugar levels that are too low
People suffering from diabetes tend to have increased blood sugar levels. But after getting treatment, this blood sugar level can suddenly decrease. If blood sugar levels drop dramatically until hypoglycemia occurs, the brain nerve cells will lack energy, so that it is damaged.
People who experience this will have difficulty thinking and remembering, so they look confused. This blood sugar that is not well controlled from time to time can cause dementia.
Ways not to be senile
Preventing and managing diabetes with drugs and a healthy lifestyle is a way that can be done to prevent complications of diabetes, one of which is dementia. For this reason, follow these guidelines:
Monitor health conditions
Monitor your health condition regularly and follow the doctor’s advice to maintain blood sugar levels, cholesterol levels, and stable blood pressure. Take medicine according to doctor’s advice and follow the food arrangement given by doctor.
Apply a healthy lifestyle
Come on, start making healthy eating habits, like fruits, vegetables, lean meats, cheeses, low-fat milk, and whole grains.
Regular exercise of at least 30 minutes a day will also be very helpful, especially if you are overweight. Exercise can help the body’s cells use insulin, and maintain blood sugar levels by flowing oxygen-rich blood to the brain.
In addition, avoid various bad habits that can endanger health, such as smoking and consuming drinks that contain alcohol.
Diabetics who often experience stress will be vulnerable to sleep disorders and brain nerve cell damage. Therefore, getting enough sleep and reducing stress are important steps to prevent diabetes and reduce the risk of dementia.
Although it looks simple, if done consistently, the steps above can reduce your risk of developing type 2 diabetes by more than 50%, you know. In addition, the steps above can help you prevent dementia and other complications from diabetes, such as stroke, kidney disease, and heart disease.
If you have diabetes and begin to experience disorders or difficulties in thinking and remembering, see your doctor immediately.