Anatomy of the Human Bone from Head to Foot
Windowofworld.com – Bone anatomy, consisting of hundreds of bones arranged from head to toe. Uniquely, all the bones are different from one another. Of course, all become one unit, forming the anatomy of human bones.
Bones are useful for supporting and moving the body. Not only that, bones can also protect internal organs, store calcium and hold muscles. Recognizing the anatomy of bones, will help you understand the function of bones for the body in each location, and how to maintain healthy bones to support daily life.
Know the Bone Anatomy Composition
The following is the anatomy of bones in the human body.
1. Bones in the head
The bone structure in this part is often called the skull bone. Its function is to protect important organs in the body, namely the brain. In addition to protecting the brain, the bones on the head also form your face. The condition of a human skull when still a baby is different when it grows up. When born, the skull bones have not been fused to make it easier for the baby to pass through the birth canal. But as we age, the gaps between the skull bones will close and become more sturdy to protect the delicate structure of the brain.
2. Bones in the body
You can have an upright body because it is supported by the spine, which supports the neck to the buttocks.
In the human body, the spine consists of 33 vertebrae which are divided into 5 parts, namely 7 vertebrae, 12 vertebrae, 5 vertebrae, 5 vertebrae vertebrae into one, and 4 vertebrae of the coccyx which also become one .
There are also ribs or ribs on the body. This bone shape like a cage. Thank you for the shape, because this cage can protect your heart, heart and lungs. The number of human ribs, both male and female, is 24 or more precisely 12 pairs.
3. Bones in the hands
Anatomy of the bones in the hand, consisting of the bones of the arms, wrists, palms and fingers. The bone in your upper arm, precisely above the elbow, is called the humerus. Then below the elbows are two bones, namely the radius and the ulna. Each of them is wide in the end and thin in the middle. This is to provide strength when meeting other bones.
Each wrist, composed of 8 small bones. In each palm, there are 5 bones. Each finger consists of 3 bone segments, except for the thumb consisting of only 2 bone spaces.
4. Bones in the legs
Legs have flexible bone anatomy that allows you to stand upright and move around, like running, walking or jumping. Bones in the legs are very large and strong to support body weight. Bones in the legs start from the pelvis to the knees. The bone is called the femur or femur. This is the biggest bone in the human body. This femur is attached to the pelvic bone.
Then in the knee there is a triangle shaped bone called the shell. Shell is useful to protect the knee joint. Then underneath, precisely in the calf, there are tibia and fibula bones. Both bones are flat in the middle and wide at the ends.
At the ankle there is a talus bone. This bone attaches to the calf bone and forms the ankle. Then underneath there are heel bones. The heel bone is then connected to 6 other small bones.
On the sole of the foot are five long bones that connect to the toes. Each finger has three small bones, except the big toe only two bones. If totaled, one leg and ankle have 26 bones.
Take care of your bone health
The more you age, the higher your risk of osteoporosis. Osteoporosis is a condition when bones become weak and brittle. But while still young, you can prevent osteoporosis. The following are some tips:
1. Consuming calcium-rich intake
Foods that contain calcium can maintain bone density. You can get this substance by eating spinach, soybeans, okra, sardines, and salmon. For those of you who are aged 19-50 years are advised to consume as much as 1000 mg of calcium per day. Doses increased by 200 mg if over 50 years old (for women) or more than 70 years (for men). If you are not sure about how much food can cover your daily calcium intake, consult this doctor.
2. Meet the needs of vitamin D
Calcium intake will not be absorbed by the bones if you do not enter vitamin D for the body. Increase consumption of foods rich in vitamin D, such as beef liver, egg yolks, cheese, soy milk, mushrooms, tuna, and salmon. Apart from food, vitamin D can be formed by the body with the help of sunlight. So don’t be afraid to be exposed to the sun. Let the warmth of the morning sun touch your skin.
3. Changing lifestyle
If you are a smoker or drinker, it helps you quit that habit, and live a healthy lifestyle. According to research, smoking and alcoholic drinks can weaken bones. In addition, there are many other positive health benefits if you stop smoking and stop consuming alcoholic beverages.
4. Exercise regularly
Benefits of exercise include making strong bones. Simple physical activities that can strengthen bones can be in the form of light running, casual walking, or going up and down stairs.
By knowing bone anatomy, you are expected to be more aware of its function and motivated to maintain healthy bones that support and protect your body.