Breast Gland and Cancer Detection
Windowofworld.com – One of the dangerous diseases that quite often attacks a woman’s breast gland is breast cancer. Therefore, routine breast gland examination is important to detect breast cancer early.
Although both have breast glands, the anatomy and function of the breast glands in women and men are different. In women, this gland begins to develop at puberty because of the increased hormone estrogen. After that, a woman’s breasts will change in structure as they age. While in men, the breast glands do not change much from children to adults.
Anatomy of the Breast Gland
In women, the breast glands consist of fat tissue, a group of lobules, and ductal ducts. Lobules are glands that produce milk. The produced ASI will flow through the ASI channel to the nipple. Male breast glands also have fatty tissue and ducts, but do not have lobules.
After giving birth, a woman’s body will secrete the hormone prolactin which functions to stimulate milk production. This prolactin hormone will naturally be stimulated when women breastfeed or pump breast milk.
When no longer breastfeeding, this channel will be closed by keratin to prevent the entry of infectious bacteria until breastfeeding occurs again in pregnancy and subsequent childbirth. After reaching menopause, the breast glands shrink and lose their ability to produce milk.
Breast Gland and Breast Cancer
One of the most common diseases affecting breast glands is breast cancer.
Based on its part, breast cancer can be divided into two types, namely ductal carcinoma or ductal carcinoma, which is cancer that grows in the mammary gland (lobules).
Based on its spread, breast cancer can be in situ or invasive. Called in situ if the cancer cells remain in the area where the cancer originated, while it is said to be invasive if the cancer cells have spread to other areas.
Among all these types, ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) is the most common type and is the earliest form of breast cancer that is usually found during routine breast examinations or breast screening. Carcinoma in situ means that abnormal cell growth occurs only in the surface layer and has not spread to any tissue.
DCIS is relatively not life-threatening if handled early, but if left unchecked can develop into invasive. DCIS often does not cause any symptoms, making it difficult to diagnose early.
However, some people with DCIS sometimes experience symptoms such as discharge or discharge from the nipple or the appearance of a lump in the breast. DCIS is also known as stage 0 breast cancer. Generally, women who receive treatment at this stage can recover from cancer.
Steps for Handling Breast Cancer
Surgery and radiation can be a therapeutic choice at this stage. Surgical removal of the breast gland or mastectomy will be recommended, especially in patients with the following conditions:
- Family history of breast cancer.
- It is not possible to undergo radiation therapy.
- Has genetic factors that can increase the risk of breast cancer.
- DCIS occurs in several areas or parts of the breast.
Early Detection of Breast Cancer
Early detection and treatment can increase the chances of patients to recover from breast cancer. Early detection can be done in the simplest way, namely breast self-examination or breast self-examination.
If you feel a lump or other symptoms in the breast, including breast skin, immediately consult a doctor. However, before the onset of symptoms, you are advised to do routine screening at the hospital, especially if you are 45 years or older.
When undergoing routine screening, your doctor will do a physical examination of your breasts and some of the following investigations:
Mammography is a breast examination using X-rays. This examination can detect abnormalities in the breast gland, both in the form of tumors, cysts, calcium buildup (calcification), or even cancer.
The weakness of this examination is the risk of radiation exposure and pain caused during the examination. This is because the breasts must be pressed using a checker while undergoing mammography. .
Unfortunately, mammography is not always accurate, especially when done on young women. The reason is because the structure of breast tissue in young women tends to be denser, so there is a higher risk for misinterpretation. In addition, not all types of breast cancer can be detected through mammography.
2. Breast ultrasound
Ultrasound examination of the breast is generally safer and more comfortable than mammography. This is because this examination does not use radiation exposure and does not cause pain during the examination.
Detection ability is more or less the same as mammography, depending on the state of the breast tissue structure being examined. This examination can also be used as a complement to mammography in the detection of breast cancer.
The two methods are not to replace each other, but rather to complement each other. To ensure the health of your breast, regularly consult a doctor regularly.
The doctor will determine what type of examination you need to undergo and determine the steps for treatment if there are signs of tumor or breast cancer.