Breast Tumors Are Not Naturally Cancer – Don’t be afraid if you find a lump around the breast. Not all breast lumps indicate cancer. In most cases, these lumps are noncancerous breast tumors that are generally harmless.

Benign breast tumors also form a lump in the breast. This condition occurs when there are breast cells that develop abnormally and rapidly. However, not all breast lumps are malignant tumors or breast cancer. There are several causes of a lump in the breast that are much more common than cancer.

Breast lumps can have the following characteristics:

  • Immobile solid lumps like dried fruit
  • A soft, wine-sized lump filled with fluid and can move
  • A small lump the size of a pea

Types and Causes of Bumps

In general, breast lumps can be caused by the following:

1. Fibroadenoma

Is a benign tumor in the breast that occurs most often. Fibroadenomas are generally painless, and if you feel they are round, solid, supple, and can shift.

These benign tumors are most often experienced by women aged 20-30 years. Fibroadenomas occur when the body forms excess mammary gland tissue. Fibroadenomas generally go away on their own, but sometimes they can persist and get bigger, especially during pregnancy. The cause of fibroadenoma is not known with certainty. Suspected fibroadenoma caused due to increased sensitivity to the hormone estrogen. Fibroadenomas can be treated with surgery.

2. Fibrocystic changes / fibroadenosis

Fibrocystic changes are changes in the breasts due to hormonal changes during the monthly menstrual cycle. This condition is a common cause of benign tumors in women aged 35-50 years. Women who experience fibrocystic changes generally experience:

  • A lump in one or both breasts that gets bigger before menstruation.
  • The lump you feel can feel hard or soft, and can consist of one or several lumps.
  • Sometimes discharge from the nipple.
  • Breast pain.
  • Changes in breast size.

The symptoms above can vary from woman to woman. Because the elderly no longer experience menstruation, this condition is generally not experienced after women are 50 years of age and over. Fibrocysts do not require special treatment. However, doctors will usually prescribe to help relieve pain during menstruation. Bumps and pain caused by fibrocysts caused by fibrocysts will subside after menstruation.

3. Simple cyst

This is a fluid-filled lump that usually forms in one or both breasts with different amounts and sizes and generally does not cause other symptoms. The size and softness or hardness change with the menstrual cycle. This condition does not require surgery and can be treated with a fine needle aspiration procedure. A needle is used to suck fluid or tissue from the breast lump. If the lump is a cyst, it will deflate after the fluid is removed. Simple cysts are most common in women in their 40s, but they can occur at any age. Hormones are thought to be the cause of these breast cysts.

4. Intraductal papilloma

This condition, which generally occurs in women aged 45-50 years, is shaped like a small, wart-like lump on the walls of the milk ducts near the nipples. In some cases intraductal papilloma can cause bleeding from the nipple. Intraductal papillomas can be treated with surgery.

5. Fat necrosis due to injury

Fat in the breast forms a lump which is generally round, firm, tight, but not painful. This condition occurs due to injury to the breast, and generally does not require special treatment. However, if it bothers, these fat lumps can be removed surgically.

When to See a Doctor?

Although not all lumps in the breast indicate cancer, you are still advised to see a doctor. You may not know if your breast lump is cancerous until it is medically examined or tested.

The following are symptoms to watch out for regarding lumps in the breast:

  • There is a lump or thickening in the breast or near the breast, for example in the armpit,
  • which remains after the menstrual period is over. The lump cannot shift when pressed or moved.
  • There is an area that clearly feels or looks different than the surrounding area, on one or both parts of the breast.
  • There is a change in the shape, size and contour of the breast.
  • There is a change in the skin of the breast or on the nipple, such as redness, sunkenness, wrinkling, signs of inflammation, or scaling.
  • Clear fluid or blood from the breast.

You can do a breast self-examination at home, as an early detection if there is a lump. As a follow-up to independent breast examination, you can do a mammography in the hospital to diagnose the cause of the lump. Furthermore, a biopsy can also be done to find out whether the lump in the breast is benign or cancerous. In a biopsy, some tissue from the lump is removed for examination in a laboratory. Treatment is then adjusted to the causes and health conditions of the patient.

Although not all lumps in the breast are malignant or breast cancer, you still have to be vigilant. Check with your doctor if you have a lump in your breast. If it turns out to be breast cancer, you can immediately get the right treatment, so the chances of a cure are also high.