4 Ways to Treat Burns in Children
Windowofworld.com – Burns in children can occur due to various things. Usually, this happens because of an accident at home or while playing, ranging from being exposed to hot liquids or steam, being touched by a hot object, to being hit by a fire.
Curiosity of a large child sometimes makes children vulnerable to injury. One of them is a burn. Burns in children can occur due to accidentally touching a frying pan, pan, or hot water that is nearby. In addition, burns also often occur when children play with toys that emit sparks, such as fireworks or firecrackers.
Types of Burns
If your child has a burn, it is important to give him first aid. First aid done in the right way can reduce skin damage.
However, before knowing the first aid that needs to be given, it’s good to know the level of burns first. The following are the stages of burns and their explanations:
1. First-degree burns
At this level, burns only occur in the upper layers of the skin. If the child has first-degree burns, his skin will look red, painful, swollen, and dry without blisters. This condition generally heals in 3-6 days and the skin will peel within 1-2 days after a burn occurs.
2. Second-degree burns
At this level, the burns experienced have entered a more serious condition because they have injured the lower layer of skin or dermis. If the child has second-degree burns, the area of the skin that is burned will be blistered and reddish.
The dermis layer also contains many taste nerves. This causes second-degree burns to be very painful. Because second-degree injuries are deeper, the healing process of second-degree burns is quite long, which is 3 weeks or more.
3. Third-degree burns
Third-degree burns hurt all layers of the skin, including fat tissue under the skin. If the child has third-degree burns, the burned area may appear dry and white, dark brown in color, and even look like a scorch.
Third-degree burns can even cause total damage to the skin layer that contains nerves. This makes the area of the burn become numb or only experience a slight pain.
4. Level four burns
Level four burns occur very deep down to the muscle tissue and tendons. Level 4 burns usually appear to be scorched. In severe cases, the bones can be seen.
Handling of Burns in Children
If you find your child having a burn, immediately avoid it from the heat source. After that, give him the right first aid. Here are the burn treatments that you can give:
1. Cut out the clothes around the burn
If there is cloth attached to the burn area, do not attempt to remove it. Let the doctor appoint him later with adequate medical equipment. You are only advised to cut the clothes that are around the burn.
2. Water the wound with running water
Flush the burn with running water for 5-15 minutes. This method can cool and shed some dirt that might stick to the wound.
3. Wrap the burn with a bandage
If the area of burns suffered by the child is relatively small and the degree is not high, wrap the wound with gauze or a sterile bandage. However, make sure the wound has been cleaned first.
As for the child complaining of pain in the wound, give him paracetamol according to the recommended dosage on the package or based on doctor’s instructions.
4. Bring your child to the doctor
If your baby’s burns are wide enough, causing the skin to blister or become white and scorched, take your child to the doctor or hospital immediately. Other conditions that need to be treated by a doctor immediately are if the burns occur due to chemicals or if your child is under 5 years old.
Until now, there are still many improper ways to overcome burns. One of them is compressing a burn with a compress filled with ice. This action should not be done because it will only trigger more severe skin damage.
In addition, do not also apply ingredients such as oil, toothpaste, and eggs on the wound. This action can also trigger more severe skin damage and lead to infection.
To prevent burns in children, you are advised to keep dangerous objects such as lighters, fireworks, or candles that are out of reach of your child.
In addition, also avoid things that can trigger burns in children such as putting hot drinks nearby or leaving the child around the stove or kitchen without supervision.
If the burns that occur in your child are classified as severe, wound care will require a long time and special attention. Once the emergency situation has been resolved, make sure you ask the doctor clearly what needs to be done to treat the burn.