Can Having Children After Cervical Cancer Treatment?
Windowofworld.com – Women who are diagnosed with cervical cancer are generally concerned that they cannot have any more offspring. The actual cause of cervical cancer is the human papilloma virus or human papillomavirus (HPV) does not have a direct impact on fertility.
However, HPV increases a person’s risk of suffering from cervical cancer, which can affect fertility and pregnancy. In addition, the effects of cervical cancer treatment are more likely reasons for infertility.
Risk of Disorders for Pregnancy
In addition to killing cancer cells, cervical cancer treatment unfortunately has the risk of having an effect on a woman’s ability to have offspring.
For cases that have not been classified as severe, cervical cancer can be treated with radical trachectomy, namely removal of the cervix. In this procedure, the uterus and ovaries are left, allowing women to become pregnant in the future.
At a later stage, treatment of cervical cancer is generally done by hysterectomy or removal of the uterus. As a consequence, hysterectomy makes women unable to conceive anymore.
There are also other treatment options, namely radiotherapy and chemotherapy to kill cancer cells. Unfortunately, radiotherapy that focuses on the pelvic area is known to potentially damage eggs and ovaries. To anticipate ovarian damage, your doctor may remove the ovary from around the area that must be done for a while.
Damage to the egg and ovary can gradually improve after cancer treatment is stopped, but may also be permanent. If the damage occurs permanently, a woman can no longer conceive.
Noteworthy, the womb of a woman who was previously exposed to radiation rays during pregnancy has a higher risk of having a preterm birth. Other risks are miscarriage due to scars and reduced blood flow to the uterus. Meanwhile, chemotherapy drugs also have the potential to damage the egg cells in the ovary so that the risk of miscarriage is even higher.
Efforts to Maintain Fertility
As discussed above, a woman has the possibility of infertility after undergoing various cervical cancer treatments. So that it can reduce the chance of getting pregnant.
However, the stage or level of cancer also affects the possibility of pregnancy. If treatment is performed at a precancerous level, it may only be necessary to remove the smaller cervical tissue so that it does not affect fertility too much.
Meanwhile, if the new treatment will be carried out after the cancer enters a severe stage, then the damage to the uterus may have been severe enough, so the possibility of pregnancy can be very small. Radical trachectomy is still possible for pregnancy, even if you have to get the help of a fertility expert or other technology.
Doctors with expertise in fertility may suggest that eggs can be frozen and stored before cervical cancer management measures are taken. It is intended that after successful treatment of cervical cancer, if the uterus can still be maintained its function, then the IVF program (in vitro fertilization) or IVF can be done as an effort to achieve pregnancy.
If then cervical cancer sufferers are no longer fertile and can conceive, then there is no need to be discouraged. There are still options for adopting a child, after cervical cancer treatment. So that it can still have the opportunity to give and get love for children. This can be considered as an option.
To get further advice, consult a doctor about the possibility of getting pregnant after cervical cancer treatment. No less important is doing early detection for regular cervical examinations.