Canker Sores: Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

Windowofworld.com – Canker sores are often associated with the problem of vitamin C deficiency. This statement is not entirely true. There are still many things that people need to know about canker sores which often interfere with oral health.

There are two types of canker sores, namely regular canker sores and complex sores. The difference is, regular canker sores can heal in a week. Meanwhile, complex canker sores are more common in people who have had them (frequent relapses). Let’s find out what causes canker sores and a few things about canker sores below.

Causes of Canker Sores

Actually, no researchers have yet confirmed the cause of cancer sores. However, injury and stress are considered the main triggers. Certain foods, such as oranges, sour vegetables (lemons, oranges, pineapples, apples, figs, tomatoes, and strawberries) can worsen oral thrush. Braces or dentures can also injure the surface of the mouth and cause canker sores.

Some cases of complex canker sores are caused by an underlying health condition, such as an immune system disorder; nutritional problems, such as deficiency of vitamin B-12, zinc, folic acid, iron deficiency, or digestive tract diseases, such as celiac disease or Crohn’s disease.

Are Herpes (Cold Sore) and Canker Sores the Same?

The answer is, no. Although, both of them attack the area around the lips and mouth, but they are not at all the same. Cold sores, or the medical term for herpes simplex type 1, are characterized by fluid-filled spots that are blistered and painful.

Meanwhile, canker sores are caused by a virus. Canker sores can also appear outside the mouth. Generally around the lips, on the tongue, and in the mouth.

Symptoms of canker sores

Common symptoms of canker sores include:

  • Sores that appear inside the mouth such as the tongue, palate, or inner cheeks
  • A tingling or hot sensation before the wound appears
  • Mouth sores are round, white or gray in color, and have reddish edges
  • In a serious condition, canker sores, sometimes causing fever, and weakness

How to Treat and Prevent Sores canker sores?

The pain from canker sores usually subsides within a few days, and the wound will heal on its own without treatment, in about a week or two. However, there are also laser sores treatments using the laser method that should receive advice and recommendations from a dentist.

Although canker sores heal without treatment, you can reduce their frequency and symptoms by:

  • Avoid foods that can irritate the mouth. Such as citrus fruits, sour vegetables, and spicy foods
  • Avoiding irritation due to chewing gum
  • Brushing your teeth with a soft bristled brush after meals and flossing every day, which will keep the mouth free of foods that might trigger pain

When to Call the Doctor?

You should immediately contact your dentist if the canker sores have:

  • Big wound
  • Wounds that spread
  • Wounds that last 3 weeks or more
  • Unbearable pain despite avoiding trigger foods and taking painkillers
  • Difficulty drinking water
  • High fever

Maintaining oral hygiene can prevent the appearance of canker sores. If canker sores don’t heal, don’t hesitate to consult a doctor immediately.

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