5 Types and Causes of Cysts You Need to Know
Windowofworld.com – Cysts are fluid-filled sacs that can grow in various areas of the body from the skin, genital area, to internal organs. The causes of cysts vary depending on the type.
Cysts can grow in almost all parts of the body, such as the face, scalp, back, arms, groin, and even some are in organs such as ovaries. Most cysts do not have specific signs and symptoms, so their presence is often not realized. Although some types of cysts on the skin and mucous membranes can be characterized by lumps that are sometimes painful.
Types and Causes of Cysts
Until now, most of the cysts have no known cause. However, several possible causes of cysts include blocked body fluids, cell damage, or the effects of injury to blood vessels. In addition, the causes of cysts can also be genetic or infection factors, such as parasites.
Some of the most common types of cysts include:
1. Ganglion cyst
Ganglion cysts are lumps that often occur in the upper joints or tendons (the tissue that connects muscles to bones). Ganglion cysts most commonly occur on the wrist. Until now the cause of ganglion cysts has not been known with certainty. One theory says, ganglion cysts occur due to physical injury that causes the tissues under the skin to be damaged.
2. Epidermoid cyst
Epidermoid cysts are hard, non-cancerous lumps that develop under the skin and are often found on the face, head, neck, back, or genitals. Epidermoid cysts are usually caused by a buildup of keratin, a protein found naturally in skin cells.
3. Breast cysts
Breast cysts are non-cancerous lumps that are fluid-filled and grow in breast tissue. Breast cysts are generally experienced by women before menopause between the ages of 35 to 50 years. Until now not yet known with certainty the cause of breast cysts, but is thought to be related to high levels of the hormone estrogen in the body.
4. Bartholin cyst
Bartholin’s cyst is a lump located on both sides of the vaginal lips. Bartholin gland has a function in removing the lubricating fluid during intercourse. Bartholin cysts form when there is a blockage in the Bartholin gland channel.
5. Ovarian cysts
Ovarian cysts are fluid-filled sacs that form in the ovary or on its surface. Ovarian cysts are divided into two types, namely functional cysts as part of the menstrual cycle, and other types of cysts that can arise due to abnormal cell growth, such as dermoid cysts, adenoma cysts, and endometriosis.
How to treat cysts?
Most cysts, such as epidermoid cysts, breast cysts, and ganglion cysts, do not require treatment and generally do not cause disturbing symptoms or complaints.
However, if there are symptoms that are felt, such as pain, pain, swelling, redness, or unusual size changes in epidermoid, breast, and ganglion cysts, then you should visit a doctor to get proper treatment.
Likewise with ovarian cysts and Bartholin, the best step in dealing with this disease is to consult a doctor, so that treatment can be given accordingly, if needed. Especially if there are symptoms in the form of pain or changes in the shape and size of the cyst.
Ovarian cysts can be treated using hormone therapy in the form of oral medication, or if the cyst condition is more severe, cyst removal surgery may be performed. As for Bartholin cysts, the recommended treatment is antibiotic medication if the cyst has an infection, or the cyst is removed.
Apply a healthy lifestyle to prevent various possible causes of cysts. Do not hesitate to consult a doctor if you feel a lump, or experience health problems due to cyst formation.