4 Causes of Increased Stomach Acid

Windowofworld.com – There are various causes of increased stomach acid, ranging from diet, excess body weight, to certain diseases. To avoid rising stomach acid, it’s a good idea to anticipate these various causes early on.

Acid reflux or increased stomach acid is caused by weakening of the lower esophageal sphincter (LES) muscles. Normally, the LES muscle relaxes when eating so that food from the esophagus can enter the stomach.

After the food has descended into the stomach, this muscle closes so that food cannot return to the esophagus. When the LES muscle is weak, the esophagus will remain open and stomach acid will rise back up into the esophagus. As a result, heartburn appears shortly after eating, difficulty swallowing, and chest pain.

Causes of Increased Stomach Acid

Increased stomach acid can be influenced by various factors that come from outside and from within the body. The following are some of the causes of increased stomach acid:

1. Obesity

People who are overweight or obese are usually more prone to acid reflux disease. In fact, this condition is the most common cause of acid reflux.

Fat that accumulates in the stomach can increase the pressure on the stomach, thus allowing stomach acid to rise back up into the esophagus. Symptoms of increased stomach acid, such as heartburn, can be more pronounced if obese people wear tight clothes.

2. Food and drink

For most people, certain types of food or drink can cause stomach acid to rise, especially foods high in fat, such as fried foods. This type of food can trigger the release of the hormone cholecystokinin which can weaken the LES muscle.

In addition, sour or spicy foods, chocolate, soft drinks, caffeinated drinks, and alcoholic drinks can also cause stomach acid to rise.

Foods that can trigger stomach acid to rise can vary from person to person. So, avoid foods that make you feel the symptoms of acid reflux after eating them.

3. Hiatal hernia

A hiatal hernia can also trigger stomach acid to rise. This condition occurs because the diaphragm muscle that separates the abdominal cavity and chest does not work optimally, allowing the upper part of the stomach to enter the chest cavity.

As a result, food and acid in the stomach can return to the esophagus and cause heartburn.

4. Consumption of certain drugs

Taking certain medications, such as muscle relaxants, birth control pills, tricyclic antidepressants, or blood pressure-lowering drugs for a long time can also increase the risk of developing stomach acid. These drugs can also worsen existing symptoms of acid reflux disease.

Apart from those mentioned above, pregnancy and unhealthy lifestyles, such as smoking, lying down immediately after eating, and snacking before bedtime, can also cause stomach acid to rise.

Most of the causes of increased stomach acid can be prevented by changes in lifestyle and diet, for example by losing weight or changing food choices and habits after eating. While several other conditions cannot be avoided, so the risk of developing stomach acid remains.

If you experience symptoms of severe acid reflux disease, frequent recurrences, and are accompanied by chest pain and shortness of breath, you should see a doctor for proper examination and treatment.