4 Stages of Children Growth and Development
Windowofworld.com – Stages of growth and development of each children varies according to age. When a child is two years old, his brain has formed countless neuronal connections. This helped him to understand what, how and why his little world was like that.
Two-year-olds can begin to understand the concepts ‘inside’, ‘outside’, ‘there’, ‘far’, ‘close’, ‘below’, or ‘where’. Parents can see their new abilities in terms of understanding space. For example, children can begin to understand and follow the instructions to take the ball in the basket.
Growth and Development of Children
Here are some general two-year-old child growth and development:
1. Physical growth
It covers the growth of the first 16 teeth, but the actual number can vary greatly. Physical growth also includes weight gain, height, and head circumference. Ideally, a two-year-old child’s weight ranges from 10-13 kilograms with a child’s height reaching a range of 84-89 cm.
2. Sensory and cognitive development
This child can speak by combining 2-3 words and the vocabulary increases to around 50-300 words, although the number can vary greatly. With more and more vocabulary, children begin to be able to communicate about their needs. Things like going to the toilet, being thirsty or being hungry, can now be conveyed more clearly. In addition, children can begin to wear and take off their own clothes. The child can show the object you mentioned and begin to know the names of family members or people close to him, and know the parts of his body.
3. Development of motor skills
Includes the ability to be able to run with better coordination. In addition, the child’s balance has also improved. Children can stand while picking up objects, throwing balls, and can kick balls without losing balance. Children also begin to be skilled in their environment, he can turn the door handle, can pay attention to books and turn the pages, can arrange blocks of toys, and is ready to undergo toilet training. Children can also walk up or down the stairs themselves while holding, but it should still be accompanied by parents.
4. Emotional and social development
Starting at age 2-5 years, children learn to recognize and control emotions gradually. He began to show independence and like to imitate others who are older than him. In addition, he began to eagerly meet and play with friends. At the age of two, children usually experience habitual problems, such as thumb sucking, nightmares, and temper tantrums.
Tantrum temper is a condition when a child’s emotions explode, even to the point where he bites, kicks, or screams. Generally this happens because the child has not been able to express what he feels, or try to convey what he feels to frustrate him. Children exhibit temper tantrum behavior when they are feeling uncomfortable, tired, hungry, or not getting what they want. However, that does not mean tantrums should be left alone. Parents must learn the technique of calming children when they are launching tantrums.
How to encourage children growth and development?
Here are some steps parents can take to encourage the enthusiasm of learning for two-year-old children to explore their world.
1. Involve the child
Encourage children to get involved in family daily activities, such as unpacking groceries, washing fruits, watering plants, or other activities around the house. This method can not only support growth and development but also foster children’s independence. However, keep the child’s safety by keeping dangerous materials or equipment out of reach.
2. Let the child play
Provide a room that is wide enough for him so he can play and do physical activities in a healthy manner. Encourage children to play blocks and build towers or other creativity. In addition, try to avoid children from passive activities, such as watching television. Limitation of television exposure to children should be less than one hour a day, and should not exceed 3 hours a day. Also, choose non-violent content.
3. Read fairy tales and chat with children
This activity will help enrich children’s vocabulary, also help them find new ideas while learning languages.
4. Make sure the child is getting enough rest
Sleep time needed by children aged 2-5 years is a minimum of 11 hours and a maximum of 13 hours a day.
5. Teach children to do the routine
Including how to wear and take off clothes, as well as how to use the toilet.
6 Give children healthy food
We recommend choosing vegetables, fruits, and healthy snacks.
Parents are advised to routinely carry out several checks of children growth and development at the age of 2-5 years. This check is important to detect whether there are problems with growth or development.
During the examination, the doctor will perform a physical examination, measure the height and weight of the child, ask the child’s behavior and family, ask the child’s activities or playmates, and give supplemental injections if needed. In the examination process, parents can also consult with doctors related to health, behavior, and growth and development of children.