What is citalopram?
Windowofworld.com – Citalopram is a medicine for treating depression and anxiety disorders. This drug belongs to a class of SSRI antidepressant drugs (selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors) that function to restore the balance of serotonin in the brain thereby increasing your energy and feelings.
Citalopram is a drug that is only prescribed by a doctor. Use this medicine for the conditions listed below only if it has been prescribed by your doctor and health professional.
The dose of citalopram and the side effects of citalopram will be explained further below.
How to use citalopram?
Read the medication guide and the Patient Information Brochure provided by the pharmacy, if available, before you get this medicine and every time you buy it again. If you have questions, ask your doctor or pharmacist.
This medicine must be taken by mouth usually three times a day, with or without food. If your stomach hurts easily, you should eat before taking medicine.
The dosage of the drug you take depends on your health condition, response to the drug, age, results of laboratory tests, and other treatments that you are currently taking. Be sure to tell your doctor or pharmacist about the medicine you are taking (by prescription or not, as well as herbal medicines). Do not increase or reduce the dosage from what has been prescribed because the risk of side effects is very large. Do not consume more than 40 mg per day.
If you take liquid medicine, use a measuring spoon in the package or other measuring device to get the right dose. Do not use a kitchen spoon to consume medicine.
To reduce side effects, your doctor will usually give a low dose at the beginning of use and increase it periodically. Always follow the doctor’s instructions for optimal results. It’s better if this drug is consumed at the same time every day.
Keep taking this medicine in accordance with the specified time period even though your health condition has improved. Do not stop using it without informing the doctor because it can cause side effects. Chances are you will experience mood swings, headaches, fatigue, changes in sleep time, and feel stung after taking this drug. Consult with your doctor for more information and report whenever your condition worsens.
It takes 1 to 4 weeks to feel the benefits of this drug and it takes several more weeks to get optimal results.
How is Citalopram stored?
Citalopram is a drug that must be stored at room temperature, away from direct light and a damp place. Do not store in the bathroom. Don’t freeze it. Other brands of this drug may have different storage rules. Observe the storage instructions on the product packaging or ask your pharmacist. Keep all medicines out of the reach of children and pets.
Do not flush medicine in the toilet or in the sewer unless instructed. Discard this product when it has expired or if it is no longer needed. Consult your pharmacist or local waste disposal company about how to safely dispose of your product.
The information provided is not a substitute for medical advice. ALWAYS consult your doctor or pharmacist before starting treatment.
What is the dose of citalopram for adults?
To treat depression in adults:
Initial dose: 20 mg taken once a day
Continued dose: 20 to 40 mg per day. Doses can be increased to 20 mg, but not for more than one week and not to exceed 40 mg per day.
Dosage for depression in the elderly:
Take this medicine as much as 20 mg per day. This is the maximum dose dose for elderly people aged 60 years and over.
What is the dose of citalopram for children?
Doses of treating depression in Pediatrics:
Children 11 years and older:
Initial dose: Take 10 mg of this drug once a day, the dose will increase by 5 mg again per day every two weeks if needed. The range of doses per day ranges from 20 to 40 mg.
Children aged 12 to 18 years:
Initial dose: Take 20 mg orally once a day. Increase the dose to 10 mg per day every two weeks if needed. The range of doses per day is 20-40 mg.
At what dose is Citalopram available?
Citalopram is a drug that is available in 20 mg tablet doses
What side effects can be experienced because of citalopram?
Citalopram side effects are generally associated with changes in mental state. Common and normal side effects occur, such as:
- Feeling tired and easily drowsy.
- Sleep problems.
- Mild nausea, diarrhea, colic, and dry mouth.
- Nasal congestion, sneezing, sore throat, and coughing.
- Easy to sweat and urinate frequently; weight change.
- Decreased sex drive, impotence, or difficult orgasm.
These drugs can also change mood and behavior, such as being easily anxious and panic, or easily feeling depressed and angry, aggressive, hyperactive (mental and physical). Some people report suicidal thoughts and self-harm after taking this medicine. Report any symptoms that appear to the doctor, especially if you feel suicidal.
Call a doctor immediately if it occurs:
- Stiff muscles, high fever, sweating, confusion, unstable heartbeat, convulsions, fainting
- Agitation, hallucinations, hyperactivity, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, loss of balance
- Headaches followed by chest pain, fatigue, unconsciousness and palpitations
- Headaches, slurred speech, no energy, muscle cramps, unbalanced body, convulsions, and difficulty breathing
Not everyone experiences the following side effects. There may be some side effects not mentioned above. If you have concerns about certain side effects, consult your doctor or pharmacist.
Seek immediate medical attention if you experience any of the following signs of an allergic reaction: hives, difficulty breathing, swelling of the face, lips, tongue, or throat.
What should be known before using citalopram?
Before using this medicine, consider the risks and benefits first. This is a decision that you and your doctor must make. To take this medicine, pay attention to the following:
Tell your doctor if you experience an unusual or allergic reaction to this or other medication. Also tell your doctor if you have other types of allergies, such as food, coloring, preservatives, or animal allergies. For non-prescription products, read the label on the packaging carefully.
2. Use in children
There is no adequate research on the risks of using this drug in children. Always consult your doctor to consider the potential benefits and risks before using this drug.
3. Use in the elderly
There are no adequate studies regarding the risks of using this drug in elderly patients. Always consult your doctor to consider the potential benefits and risks before using this medicine. However, elderly patients may suffer from hyponatremia (low blood sodium levels). Need to adjust the dose before consumption.
Is Citalopram safe for pregnant and lactating women?
There is no adequate research on the risks of using this drug in pregnant or nursing women. Always consult your doctor to consider the potential benefits and risks before using this medicine. This drug is included in the category C pregnancy risk according to the US Food and Drugs Administration (FDA)
A = No risk,
B = No risk in several studies,
C = Maybe risky,
D = There is positive evidence of risk,
X = Contraindications,
N = Unknown
What medicines might interact with Citalopram?
Although some drugs may not be taken together at all, in other cases some drugs can also be used together although interactions may occur. In cases like this, the doctor may change the dose, or do other prevention things that are needed. Let your doctor know if you are taking other medicines both over the counter and from a prescription.
Using this drug with some of the medicines below is usually not recommended, but in some cases it may be needed. If both of these drugs are prescribed to you, your doctor will usually change the dosage or determine how often you should take these drugs.
- Lipid Microsphere
Can food or alcohol interact with Citalopram?
Certain medicines should not be used when eating or when eating certain foods because drug interactions can occur. Consuming alcohol or tobacco with certain drugs can also cause interactions to occur. Discuss your use of drugs with food, alcohol, or tobacco with your health care provider.
What health conditions can interact with Citalopram?
Other health conditions that you have can affect the use of this drug. Always tell your doctor if you have other health problems, especially:
- Bipolar disorder (mood and depression disorders).
- Hyponatremia (low sodium in the blood).
- Bradycardia (slow heart rate) and heart rate problems (eg congenital long QT syndrome).
- Heart attack.
- Heart failure.
- Hypokalemia (low blood potassium levels).
- Hypomagnesemia (low blood magnesium levels).
- Kidney illness.
- Liver disease
What should I do in an emergency or overdose?
In cases of emergency or overdose, contact the local emergency services provider (112) or immediately to the nearest hospital emergency department.
The following symptoms of overdose:
- Throws up.
- Erratic seizures.
- Uncontrolled heartbeat.
- Memory loss.
- Comma (loss of consciousness).
- Hard to breathe.
- Mouth, fingers and nails turn blue.
- Muscle ache.
- Dark urine.
What should I do if I miss a dose?
If you forget one dose of this medicine, take it as soon as possible. But when it is nearing the next dose, skip the missed dose and return to the usual dosage schedule. Do not double the dose.