Difference between Colds and Cough Colds
Windowofworld.com – Colds and cough colds are 2 different diseases, although they both cause symptoms of sneezing, sore throat, cough, stuffy nose, and runny nose. The difference between a cold and a cold cough lies not only in the virus that causes it, but also in its severity.
Flu or influenza is an upper respiratory infection caused by influenza virus type A, type B, or type C. This virus is different from most other viruses that cause upper respiratory infections in cases of common cold coughs. Cold cough can be caused by more than 200 kinds of viruses. However, the most common virus that causes coughs in colds is rhinovirus.
The Difference between Flu and Cough Colds in Terms of Symptoms
Despite having the symptoms that at first glance look the same, flu generally causes more serious symptoms than a cold cough. Some of the symptoms that are often experienced by people with flu are:
- Nasal congestion and runny
- Sore throat
- Fever with a body temperature of 380C or more
- Cough and chest pain
- Headaches and muscle aches throughout the body
- Feeling weak and very tired that makes sufferers unable to move
Cough colds also have symptoms of sneezing, nasal congestion, sore throat, and coughing. However, other symptoms such as fever, chest pain, headache, or feeling tired are usually mild or rarely appear.
The Difference between Flu and Cough Colds in Terms of Disease
Symptoms of the flu often appear and aggravate suddenly within a few hours. Complaints experienced usually will last for 1 week. However, it is not uncommon for these complaints to continue for up to 2 weeks.
While coughs and colds have symptoms that appear gradually. This condition is usually preceded by a sore throat that will improve in 1-2 days. Other symptoms such as sneezing, nasal congestion, and cough usually appear on the fourth or fifth day. Cough colds generally improve within 1 week.
Differences in Colds and Coughs from Colds in Complications
The flu has more serious symptoms than a cold cough and often causes more dangerous complications. One serious complication of flu is a lung infection (pneumonia).
In pneumonia, infection in the upper respiratory tract spreads to the lungs, so the air sacs in the lungs become inflamed and filled with fluid. This condition interferes with the exchange of oxygen in the lungs, causing shortness of breath which can end in respiratory failure.
While cough colds rarely cause serious complications that require treatment in hospital. Some complications that may arise from a cold cough are sinusitis and otitis media.
How to treat flu and cough colds?
Colds and coughs and colds do not require antibiotics because they are not caused by bacterial infections. Both of these diseases are caused by viral infections that can improve on their own (self-limiting) if the body’s immune system is good.
Antibiotics can be given by doctors if people with colds or cold coughs also have a bacterial infection in addition to a viral infection.
Patients with colds or cold coughs are advised to rest and drink enough water so that there is no shortage of fluids. Some pain relievers, fevers, coughs and colds can also be taken to relieve symptoms. In the case of a serious flu, the doctor may give antiviral medication.
How to Prevent Flu and Cough Colds?
The influenza virus and the virus that causes coughs in colds are both transmitted through droplets released by patients when sneezing or coughing. Droplets that contain viruses can be inhaled by other people who are healthy or fall on the surface of objects around the patient. If a healthy person touches the object and then touches the eye, nose, or mouth, then he can contract the virus.
Prevention of colds and cold cough can be done by:
- Wash your hands regularly with soap and water before touching the face area
- Use a hand sanitizer product containing at least 60% alcohol if there is no soap and water
- Keep your distance from people who have a cold or cough cold
- Do not share the use of cutlery, towels or toothbrushes with others
- Receive a flu vaccine every year according to schedule
That’s the difference between flu and cough colds, and how to treat and prevent them. Although at a glance similar, flu symptoms are generally more serious than cold cough symptoms. In people whose immune systems are weak, influenza viruses can even cause pneumonia. Therefore, it is important to take preventative measures.
If you experience symptoms of a cold or a cold cough that does not improve within 1 week, you should consult a doctor to get the right treatment.