Concussion: Types, Symptoms and Treatment – Concussion is the mildest type of brain injury compared to other types of brain injury. However, don’t ignore this condition. Especially in cases of concussions that occur in children, because they have not been able to communicate it well.

Concussions can occur as a result of a hard impact on the head, for example from a fall, traffic accident, or while exercising. If you have such a head injury, it is advisable to check with a clinic or hospital.

Types of Concussion

Concussions are divided into several types based on severity, namely mild, moderate, and severe. Here’s an overview of the types of concussions:

1. Mild concussion

Symptoms last less than fifteen minutes and the sufferer does not experience loss of consciousness.

2. Moderate concussion

Symptoms can last more than fifteen minutes and the sufferer also does not experience loss of consciousness.

3. Severe concussion

Characterized by loss of consciousness, even for just a few seconds. In addition, in severe concussions, loss of balance or memory loss (amnesia) may also occur.

4. Symptoms of Concussion

Symptoms of a concussion can last for a long time, can last for only a few seconds, and sometimes the symptoms of a concussion don’t appear immediately after an injury. Here are some of the common symptoms of a concussion:

  • Headache, nausea and vomiting
  • Feeling confused
  • Blurred vision
  • Sensitive to light or sound
  • Difficulty concentrating
  • Ringing in ears
  • Changes in behavior

In addition, there are also symptoms of a concussion that are classified as severe or include an emergency, including:

  • Back pain or extreme pressure in the neck, head or back.
  • Feel weak and even experience paralysis in the limbs
  • Numbness, tingling or loss of sensation in the hands, feet, or fingers and
  • Difficulty keeping balance and walking.
  • Respiratory disorders.

First Aid for Concussion

Here are some steps you need to take if you see someone with a concussion or yourself who has a head injury:

  • If you hit your head hard, immediately stop the activity and sit quietly. Avoid repeating activities that cause a concussion on the same day. This is because the brain needs time to recover. A second concussion can occur if you continue to do activities after the first concussion. When this happens, the symptoms of a concussion can become more severe and continue for a long time.
  • If a concussion occurs in a child, adult supervision is needed to see if there is a change in behavior, because the child may find it difficult to express what happened. Supervision is carried out for a minimum of 24 hours after injury.
  • Do not give drugs without a doctor’s prescription, especially those containing aspirin, because they can trigger bleeding.
  • Immediately go to the clinic or hospital.

In addition, the important thing that you must pay attention to from a head injury is the possibility of injury to the neck nerve. When helping someone with a head injury, it is important to keep the head and neck in a stable position to prevent the condition from getting worse. This is important, because injury to the nerves in the neck and spine can result in paralysis. If possible, the patient can be given a cervical or neck collar as a means of support, so that the head and neck remain stable.

Immediately seek ambulance assistance, or to the nearest hospital to get proper treatment. To confirm the condition of the brain, it may be necessary to support investigations such as X-rays, CT-scans, or MRI.

Always remember to protect your head, that is, use a helmet when riding on a motorcycle, use a seat belt when driving in a car, and use appropriate personal protective equipment when working or playing sports. If you fall, cover your head with your hands or take a position to protect your head, to avoid a possible concussion.