3 Types of Corona Virus Drugs or COVID-19
Windowofworld.com – Every day, positive patients from the Corona virus are increasing. However, antivirals or vaccines to overcome this virus have not yet been found. Researchers are still busy studying drugs that can treat Corona virus infection or COVID-19.
Corona virus or severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) is a virus that attacks the respiratory system. This virus is very dangerous because it can cause severe pneumonia to death. Until now, there has not been found a special drug that can fight infection with this virus.
Even so, experts are still trying to find drug candidates that can be used to overcome COVID-19. Some of these are drugs that were once used in the SARS and MERS outbreaks. Because the virus is from the same virus family, it is hoped that these drugs can also overcome COVID-19.
However, keep in mind that the virus that causes COVID-19 is a new type of virus that is different from the coronavirus that causes SARS or MERS. Therefore, the efficacy or side effects in dealing with COVID-19 are not yet known with certainty.
Drugs that are thought to Overcome Corona Virus Infection
The following are some medicines which are thought to be able to overcome Corona virus infection or COVID-19:
Favipiravir is an antiviral drug that is used to treat several types of influenza viruses that are classified as types of RNA viruses. One of them is influenza A virus which causes bird flu and swine flu.
These drugs fight viruses by inhibiting the action of the RNA polymerase enzyme which plays a role in increasing the amount of virus. When this enzyme is inhibited, the virus can not multiply and the amount in the body decreases.
SARS-CoV-2 is also classified as a type of RNA virus. That is why, favipiravir was allegedly able to control the amount of virus in the body of sufferers of COVID-19 so that the condition of the lungs of patients could improve.
There have been several studies that show the efficacy of this drug in reducing the amount of virus and accelerating the repair of the lungs of patients with COVID-19. Side effects are also minimal. However, this type of drug should only be used as directed by a doctor and is not intended for pregnant women.
In addition, further clinical trials are still needed to establish favipiravir as an official drug to treat COVID-19.
Chloroquine or chloroquine is an antimalarial drug used to prevent and treat malaria. In addition, this drug can also be used to treat rheumatoid arthritis, lupus, and amebiasis.
Several trials regarding chloroquine in people with COVID-19 have been carried out and have shown quite good results. However, just like favipiravir, further clinical trials are still needed that are supervised by WHO (World Health Organization).
So, until now, the effectiveness and safety of chloroquine to fight the SARS-CoV-2 virus is still unclear and the use of this drug in COVID-19 cases has not been approved by WHO. Therefore, the use of chloroquine freely or without doctor’s recommendation is not recommended.
Side effects that can occur when consuming chloroquine include headaches, no appetite, stomach ache, diarrhea, hair loss, and the skin becomes sensitive to sunlight.
Lopinavir-ritonavir is an antiviral drug that is usually used to treat HIV and hepatitis C. This drug has shown significant effectiveness against the virus that causes SARS, which comes from the same virus group as the virus that causes COVID-19, so it is expected to be useful for treating COVID -19.
Unfortunately, so far, lopinavir-ritonavir has not been seen to be beneficial for people with COVID-19. In addition, this combination of drugs causes far more side effects than the side effects of other COVID-19 drugs.
Apart from the drugs above, there are still other drugs that have been tested to treat COVID-19 patients. Some of these include alpha interferon, ribavirin, and remdesivir. However, just like the drugs above, these drugs also require further clinical trials.
So far, the therapy recommended by WHO is the treatment according to the symptoms that arise and the control of inflammation that occurs in the body of patients with COVID-19. In addition, efforts to increase endurance by providing nutrition and emotional support are also important to do.
In order not to become infected with the Corona virus, you are advised to take precautionary measures. That way, the Corona virus does not easily enter your body and the spread of this virus is also not widespread.
How to prevent it is to wash your hands for at least 20 seconds with running soap and clean water, wear a mask when you are sick or near a sick person, apply physical distancing, consume nutritious food, limit travel outside the house if there is no urgent need, and routine exercise to keep the body fit.
If in the last 14 days you have been in a COVID-19 endemic area or have had contact with a person infected with the Corona virus, then have a fever accompanied by coughing or shortness of breath, do independent isolation and call the COVID-19 hotline at 119 Ext. 9 to get further direction.
If you are still in doubt, use the Corona virus risk check feature provided free by Alodokter to find out how likely you are to be infected with this virus.
If you need a consultation or examination directly from a doctor, you should not go directly to the hospital because it will increase your risk of contracting the Corona virus. You can chat directly with the doctor through the Alodokter app to consult about your condition.
If indeed you need a direct examination from a doctor, first make an appointment with a doctor in the hospital through the Alodokter app, so you can be directed to meet the nearest doctor who can help you.