How to Treat Coughing up Blood? – What causes coughing up blood? Don’t underestimate coughing up blood or hemoptysis. This condition can be a symptom of a serious, life-threatening illness.

Blood that comes out when coughing is generally mixed with phlegm. Coughing up blood in young people may not be a symptom of serious illness and can be treated immediately. However, this condition can be a dangerous indicator, especially for those who are old and smokers.

Causes of Coughing Up from Mild to Heavy

The presence of blood in the sputum when coughing is generally caused by a long, severe cough. However, there are many other conditions that can cause coughing up blood, namely:

1. Bronchitis

Long-term respiratory tract disorders causing phlegm buildup. Bronchitis can be triggered by many causes, such as previous lung infections and inhalation of pollutants.

2.Tuberculosis (TB)

Lung infection that is classified as severe with common symptoms of fever, sweating, cough with phlegm that is colored or contains pus, and a feeling of tightness in the chest. The bloody cough will subside as soon as the infection clears up.

3. Pulmonary embolism

Blood clots in the blood vessels in the lungs that can cause shortness of breath and sudden chest pain.

4. Pulmonary edema

A buildup of fluid around the lungs with symptoms in the form of phlegm that is released when coughing is pink and frothy. This condition generally occurs in people who have had heart disease first.

5. Lung cancer

This situation is more common in smokers over the age of 40.
Cancer of the throat.

6. Cystic fibrosis

Genetic conditions that cause disruption of the lungs and digestive system.

7. Medicines

Side effects of drugs, such as cocaine and blood-thinning drugs.

8. Inhalation of objects

Objects that are inhaled or get into the nose can also cause injury to the respiratory tract and cause a bloody cough. These objects can be toys, nuts, beads, or anything else that can fit into the nose.

9. Inflammation

Inflammation and abnormal buildup of tissue can affect the respiratory tract and cause a bloody cough. Conditions that can lead to this situation include Goodpasture’s syndrome, Wegener’s granulomatosis, lupus pneumonitis.

In very rare cases, coughing up blood can be a symptom of:

  • A heart valve disorder called mitral stenosis.
  • Indication of a serious vascular disease called polyarteritis nodosa.

However, there are times when coughing up blood cannot be categorized as hemoptysis if it is caused by the following conditions:

1. Pseudohemotysis

Bleeding in the mouth, nose or throat can cause bleeding along with saliva. This case is different from the blood that comes out of your lungs. Blood coming from the lungs is often mixed with phlegm

2. Hematemesis

Direction can also exit the digestive tract in the form of vomiting. This can be a symptom of another disease, such as inflammation of the stomach wall.

Patients with coughing up blood need further treatment as soon as possible. There are several specific conditions related to this. If you cough more than one teaspoon of blood, you will need treatment by a doctor. Apart from coughing, there is blood in the urine and stool. Pay attention to the condition of your cough if it is accompanied by other symptoms, such as dizziness, chest pain, fever, shortness of breath. Do not ignore your condition if you lose your appetite and experience weight loss because these two conditions can be important indications. Finally, coughing up phlegm mixed with blood that lasts more than a week.

Hemoptysis Test

To determine the right treatment, the doctor or hospital will apply several tests to determine the level of bleeding, the cause, and the effect on breathing. These tests can include:

  • History and physical examination. The doctor will take a sputum sample to check for possible infection.
  • General practitioners may refer patients to specialist doctors or hospitals for examination with X-rays or CT scans. An X-ray will detect the presence or absence of fluid and blockages in the lungs. Meanwhile, with a CT scan, images of the lung structure will be obtained in more detail.
  • Bronchoscopy. This is done by inserting an endoscope or a small tube with a camera at the end into the respiratory tract through the mouth or nose.
  • A complete blood count (CBC). Namely a blood test to calculate the levels of red and white blood cells in the blood, as well as cells that have an impact on blood clotting.
  • Urinalysis to detect abnormalities in urine.

Several types of blood tests can be done to test for hemoptysis. The blood will be taken to the laboratory to obtain a blood chemistry profile to detect possible electrolyte imbalances and impaired kidney function. There are also tests to detect oxygen and carbon dioxide levels in the blood because oxygen levels in people who have coughed up blood are usually low.

Relieves Coughing Blood

Treatment of coughing up blood is aimed at stopping the symptoms as well as treating the causes behind the onset of the condition, such as chemotherapy for the treatment of lung cancer. In addition, you can give steroids for inflammation or antibiotics for the treatment of pneumonia or tuberculosis.

Don’t let the cough problem get worse and don’t go away for a long time. With the use of a cough medicine that is appropriate and safe, generally this bloody cough can be prevented, even if a bloody cough has occurred, it must be treated immediately to stop the symptoms and to treat the cause behind the onset of the condition.

There are times when the cause of coughing up blood cannot be identified specifically. This condition is called idiopathic hemoptysis. However, it is better if this condition continues to be consulted if it continues so that it can be treated immediately if it turns out to be a symptom of a life-threatening disease.