Difference between COVID-19 with SARS and MERS
Windowofworld.com – Although caused by the same group of viruses, the coronavirus, there are differences between COVID-19, SARS, and MERS. Not only the incubation period of the disease, the difference in these three diseases also exists in the speed of transmission and treatment.
COVID-19, SARS, and MERS are viral infections in the respiratory tract that can be fatal. SARS (severe acute respiratory syndrome) first became epidemic in China in 2002, while MERS (Middle-East respiratory syndrome) first appeared in the Middle East in 2012.
At the end of 2019, a new disease emerged in China called COVID-19 (Coronavirus Disease 2019). This disease has caused many deaths in various countries.
Difference between COVID-19 with SARS and MERS based on incubation period
The incubation period is the time needed by germs to multiply in a person’s body to cause complaints. In other words, the incubation period is the time span between the occurrence of infection and the appearance of symptoms.
Although the viruses that cause COVID-19, SARS, and MERS are from the same family of viruses, namely coronavirus, these three diseases have different incubation periods. The incubation period for MERS disease is 2–14 days (average 5 days), and the incubation period for SARS disease is 1–14 days (average 4-5 days). While the incubation period for COVID-19 is 1–14 days, with an average of 5 days.
Difference between COVID-19 with SARS and MERS Based on Symptoms and Spread
To a mild degree, these three diseases can cause fever, cough, sore throat, nasal congestion, weakness, headaches, and muscle aches. If it gets worse, the symptoms of the three can resemble pneumonia, namely fever, severe coughing, difficulty breathing and rapid breathing. The big difference between these three diseases is that COVID-19 is rarely accompanied by colds and digestive complaints, such as bowel movements, nausea, and vomiting.
The spread of coronavirus from animals to humans is actually very rare, but this is what happened to COVID-19, SARS, and MERS. Humans can get the coronavirus through direct contact with animals infected with this virus. This method of transmission is called zoonotic transmission.
SARS is known to be transmitted from mongoose to humans, while MERS is transmitted from humped camels. While in COVID-19, there are allegations that the animal that first transmitted the disease to humans was a bat.
A person can get the Corona virus if he inhales a splash of saliva released by a COVID-19 sufferer when sneezing or coughing. Not only that, transmission can also occur if someone holds objects that have been contaminated with COVID-19 saliva splashes and then holds the nose or mouth without washing hands first.
SARS and COVID-19 are known to spread more easily from human to human than MERS. And when compared with SARS, transmission of COVID-19 from human to human is easier and faster.
So far, the death rate from COVID-19 is not higher than SARS and MERS. The SARS death rate reaches 10%, while MERS reaches 37%. However, transmission of COVID-19 which is faster than SARS and MERS causes the number of sufferers of this disease to increase sharply in a short time.
Differences in COVID-19 with SARS and MERS Based on Treatment
So far, there is no proven drug that is effective in dealing with COVID-19. Several antiviral drugs, such as oseltamivir, lopinavir, and ritonavir, have been tried to be given to COVID-19 patients while continuing to be studied.
Whereas in SARS and MERS, the administration of lopinavir, ritonavir, and the latest broad-spectrum antiviral drug called remdesivir has been proven effective as a treatment.
In patients with Corona virus infection with severe symptoms, in addition to antiviral drugs, they also need to get fluid therapy (infusion), oxygen, antibiotics, and other medicines according to symptoms that appear. Patients with COVID-19 also need to be treated in hospital so that their condition can be monitored and not transmit the infection to others.
Efforts to prevent these three diseases can be done by regularly washing hands, covering the mouth and nose when coughing and sneezing, and cooking meat and eggs until cooked before eating. In addition, as much as possible avoid contact with people who are coughing and fever.
Immediately consult your doctor at the nearest health facility, such as a clinic, health center, or hospital, if you experience symptoms of respiratory infection, such as fever, coughing, sneezing, runny nose, or sore throat, especially if you experience shortness of breath.