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5 Causes and Types of Delusional Disorder

What is Delusional Disorder?

Windowofworld.com – Delusional Disorder is a type of serious mental disorder known as psychosis. Psychosis is characterized by the disconnect between thought, imagination and emotions, with actual reality. People who experience delusions often have experiences that are far from reality.

People with delusional disorder believe things that are not real or not according to the actual situation. Although it has been proven that what is believed by the patient is different from reality, the patient still holds fast to his thoughts.

Types of Delusional Disorder

The cause of delusional disorder is not known with certainty, but there are a variety of driving factors, including heredity or genetic, biological, environmental, and psychological. There is a tendency that delusional disorders can occur in people who have a family history of delusional disorders or schizophrenia.

Several factors can trigger delusions, including stress, drug abuse, consuming excessive alcoholic drinks or abnormal brain function, such as in patients with Parkinson’s disease, Huntington’s disease, dementia, stroke, and chromosomal abnormalities.


Delusional disorders are divided into several types, including:

1. Great understanding (grandiose)

Sufferers have a sense of power, intelligence, identity that soars, and believes that he has made an important discovery or has great talent. In addition, sufferers can also believe that they have special abilities or have special relationships with great figures, such as relationships with the president or famous celebrities. In fact, this is not the case.

2. Erotomania

Erotomania sufferers believe that they are very loved by someone Often happens, people who are the object of delusions are famous people or important positions. Sufferers generally stalk and try to make contact with delusional objects.

3. Understanding Pursuing (Persecutory)

Sufferers feel threatened because they believe that someone else is abusing him, spying, or planning to harm him.

4. Jealousy

In this type of delusion, sufferers believe that their partner is not loyal to him, even though it is not supported by any facts.

5. Mixed

In this case, people with delusions experience two types of delusional disorders or even more than that.

Symptoms of Delusional Disorder

Someone said to suffer from delusional disorder if you experience symptoms of delusions for at least one month. A common symptom is irritability and emotional instability. This disorder can last for several months, but can also last a long time with the intensity of coming and going.

In some conditions, delusional disorder symptoms can also be accompanied by hallucinations. For example, in delusional sufferers who feel that their organs are decaying they can experience hallucinations in the form of smelling a foul odor that actually does not exist, or feel other sensations associated with delusions.

Delusions can appear as symptoms of mental disorders psychosis at a more serious stage. Therefore, in examining patients who have delusions, doctors usually also evaluate the possibility of other diseases, such as schizophrenia, mood disorders, or medical problems that can trigger delusional disorder symptoms.

It should be noted that psychosis is very different from a psychopath. People with psychosis tend to behave in a way that is dangerous to themselves, whereas psychopathic behavior or sufferers of anti-social personality disorder, tend to endanger others.

If you experience or know someone closest to you is delusional disorder, don’t hesitate to consult a psychiatrist. Therapy can be done to deal with delusional disorder, which includes emergency treatment measures so that patients do not endanger themselves, cognitive behavioral therapy, and administration of antipsychotic drugs.

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