Dementia Disease: Types, Phases and Treatment
Windowofworld.com – Dementia refers to a category of diseases that cause memory loss and other mental impairment. Dementia occurs due to physical changes in the brain and is a progressive disease that gets worse over time. For some people, dementia can progress quickly, but for others it takes years to reach the next stage.
The development of dementia depends on the cause of dementia. Although people will experience different phases of dementia, most people with dementia experience the same symptoms.
Types of Dementia
The symptoms and causes of this disease depend on the type of dementia a person has. Several types of dementia can be identified, including:
1. Alzheimer’s disease
Alzheimer’s disease is the most common form of dementia. Covers about 60-80 percent of cases experienced. Usually this disease progresses slowly.
On average, sufferers live only four to eight years after being diagnosed. Alzheimer’s occurs due to physical changes in the brain, including the buildup of certain proteins and nerve damage.
2. Dementia with Lewy Bodies
This dementia disease is caused by a protein clot in the cortex. Apart from memory loss and confusion, dementia with lewy bodies can also cause:
- Sleep disturbance
- Other movement difficulties
3. Vascular Dementia Disease
This dementia disease is also known as post-stroke dementia or multi-infarct dementia, which accounts for about 10% of all cases of dementia. Dementia is caused by clogged blood vessels.
Parkinson’s disease is a neurodegenerative condition that can produce dementia similar to Alzheimer’s disease at a later stage. This disease often causes problems with movement and motor control, but can also cause dementia in some people.
5. Frontotemporal dementia
This dementia disease is dementia which refers to a group of dementias that often cause changes in personality and behavior.
6. Mixed dementia
It is a dementia where various types of brain disorders that cause dementia are present. Alzheimer’s and vascular disease are the most common types of dementia, but can include other forms of dementia.
Phases of Dementia
Dementia develops in different ways in different people. Many people will experience the following symptoms associated with the Azheimer phases:
1. Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI)
MCI is a condition that can affect older people. The characteristics of MCI are marked by frequent loss of important things, forgetfulness, and difficulty speaking.
2. Mild dementia
Common symptoms of mild dementia are memory loss from recent events, personality changes, missing or misplaced things, difficulty solving complex problems, and difficulty organizing or expressing thoughts.
3. Moderate dementia
Patients with moderate dementia will need more assistance in their daily lives. Common symptoms that can occur are increased confusion, greater memory loss, needing help with activities, changes in sleep patterns, and significant changes in personality and behavior.
4. Severe dementia
Patients with severe dementia will experience a decline in mental condition and deteriorating physical abilities. Symptoms also include loss of communication skills, needing help around the clock, loss of physical abilities, and susceptibility to infections such as pneumonia.
The diagnosis of dementia is based on several medical tests and your medical history. If you experience symptoms of dementia, your doctor will do the following:
- Physical examination
- Neurological test
- Mental status test
- Other laboratory tests to rule out other causes of symptoms
In addition, there are several tests that can be done to diagnose dementia:
- Mini-mental State Examination (MMSE)
- Mini-Cog Test
- Clinical Dementia Rating (CDR)