Dementia in the Elderly: Symptoms, Risk Factors and Treatment

Dementia in the Elderly: Symptoms, Risk Factors and Treatment
Dementia in the Elderly: Symptoms, Risk Factors and Treatment

Dementia in the Elderly: Symptoms, Risk Factors and Treatment – Do your parents often forget what they just did? Meanwhile, when telling stories about events several years or even decades ago, it can still be conveyed even in detail. It could be that your parents have dementia in the elderly.

Dementia is not a disease, but is a syndrome or a collection of symptoms that occur in a person. This syndrome affects memory, thought processes, and social skills which can interfere with daily activities.

Dementia generally occurs in the elderly group. However, this syndrome is not a normal aging process. This condition is the biggest cause of disability and dependence on other people for the elderly worldwide.

Symptoms of Dementia in the Elderly

Here are some symptoms of dementia in the elderly that may be found in the early stages:

  • Difficulty adapting to changes in time or environment.
  • Impaired short-term memory, not memory of the past.
  • Trouble getting the right words to speak.
  • Repeating the same questions frequently, doing the same things, and telling the same things over and over.
  • Confused about the direction to go somewhere.
  • Difficulty following other people’s storylines.
  • Rapid mood changes.
  • Losing interest in what you liked before.
  • Confusion recognizing people.
  • Difficulty completing work that is usually done.

What are the factors that trigger dementia in the elderly?

1. A factor that cannot be controlled

  • Gender. Women are found to experience dementia more often than men, especially in the elderly.
  • Age. The risk increases with age, especially entering the age of 65.
  • Family history. Having a family history of dementia puts you at an increased risk.
  • Down Syndrome. This syndrome is associated with Alzheimer’s disease which causes dementia.
  • Mild cognitive impairment. Impaired memory alone without interruption in daily activities also triggers dementia.

2. Controllable factors

  • Heavy alcohol consumption: Excessive alcohol consumption can lead to dementia.
  • Cardiovascular factors. These factors include high blood pressure (hypertension), high cholesterol, fat buildup in blood vessel walls, and obesity.
  • Depression
  • Diabetes or diabetes
  • Smoke
  • Snoring while sleeping

Tips for Reducing the Risk of Dementia in the Elderly

After knowing which factors can be controlled, here are tips to reduce the risk of dementia:

  • Be grateful for life and be open with the people closest to you to reduce the risk of depression.
  • Control existing diseases by regularly seeking treatment and adopting a healthy lifestyle.
  • Do not smoke or avoid secondhand smoke.
  • Make sure the sleeping position is good. If on your back makes you snore, then sleeping on one side may be able to eliminate your snoring.
  • Limit your consumption of alcohol and even don’t consume it if you don’t need it.

Hopefully the information above is useful for you or your parents so that you can take precautions against existing factors and early detect the possibility of dementia in the elderly.


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