4 Dental and Gum Care That Can be Done at Home
Windowofworld.com – Dental and gum health is closely related to general bodily health. Untreated teeth and gums can increase the risk of diseases, such as lung infections and coronary heart disease. Many people are unaware of this risk and neglect oral health, even though dental and gum care can be done easily at home.
Just like other areas of the body, the mouth is also filled with bacteria. Healthy habits such as brushing your teeth regularly can keep bacteria in check. However, brushing your teeth is not enough. Routine care is needed to keep teeth and gums healthy.
Various Diseases Due to Not Maintaining Healthy Teeth and Gums
Dental and gum health is often considered trivial. Even though it can interfere with appearance, teeth and gums that are problematic and not handled properly can be fatal to overall body health. Infection that occurs in the teeth or gums can spread into other body tissues, such as the jaw and neck. Diseases caused not only related to oral health, but also the health of other organs.
Various diseases due to not maintaining healthy teeth and gums, including:
1. Gum suppuration
Swollen and suppurating gums should be treated immediately because they can cause much more serious gum disease, such as periodontitis and tooth loss. Periodontitis is a gum infection that damages the soft tissues and bones supporting the teeth.
2. Gum recession
Gum recession is a condition where the gum tissue is loose and pulled, so that the teeth appear more even even to show the roots of the teeth. This condition makes it easier for bacteria to enter and develop to damage teeth and gums. If left untreated, the supporting tissue and bone structure of the tooth can be severely damaged, and eventually cause tooth loss.
3. Lung infections
Bacteria in the mouth can move to the lungs and cause infections, such as pneumonia. This condition is more common in people who experience gum problems. In addition to pneumonia, research also shows that the condition of untreated teeth and gums is associated with an increased risk of developing chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).
4. Coronary heart disease
Most periodontal diseases, gum disease and swelling around the teeth, are associated with inflammation. This inflammation is associated with damage to blood vessels, which can lead to heart disease. Studies also prove that if people who rarely or never maintain dental and gum hygiene, 70 percent more risk of coronary heart disease, than those who brush their teeth twice a day.
5. Premature birth
Studies show that tooth and gum disease can cause premature birth and increase the risk of low birth weight babies. This condition is probably caused by inflammation-causing bacteria that are able to reach the uterus, and then affect pregnancy.
Various gum treatments that can be done at home
Brushing your teeth twice a day, after breakfast and at bedtime, has been recommended since childhood. However, this is not enough. To maintain overall cleanliness of the teeth and gum, other steps are needed, both for care and prevention.
1. Using dental floss
Leftover food tucked in the teeth can cause gum swelling and tooth decay. The remaining food is often not covered by a toothbrush, so dental floss is needed to remove it. Various studies have shown that using dental floss is effective for preventing gum problems, such as swollen and bleeding gums.
2. Do not smoke
Smoking can damage cells in the gums, disrupt blood flow to the gums, and affect the bones and soft tissue around the teeth. This makes smokers more prone to dental and gum disease. In addition, smoking also makes breathing so unpleasant, increasing plaque formation, leukoplakia, to the risk of oral cancer.
3. Maintain diet
Foods high in sugar and soft drinks can increase the risk of cavities and tooth abscesses. Limit consumption for healthy teeth and gums.
4. Gargling with mouthwash
Similar to using dental floss, gargling with mouthwash is also useful to remove food scraps that are not reached by a toothbrush. Mouthwash generally contains ingredients and essential oils that can suppress bacterial growth, prevent plaque formation, and freshen breath. In choosing mouthwash, choose mouthwash that contains the following ingredients:
- Thymol: Effectively treats inflammation of the gums (gingivitis) and prevents the formation of dental plaque.
- Menthol: Gives a cool and refreshing effect, and can overcome mild irritations in the mouth.
- Methyl salicylate: It has been clinically proven to be beneficial in preventing gingivitis and plaque.
- Eucalyptol: Derived from Eucalyptus essential oil, and has antibacterial properties, especially against aureus and E. coli bacteria.
Gargling with mouthwash containing the four ingredients above can help you maintain healthy teeth and gums. Gargling can be done before or after brushing your teeth, be sure to read the instructions on the package to find out the rules of use.
To get the maximum benefit from mouthwash, it is recommended to gargle for 30-60 seconds regularly. Mouthwash is one of the dental and gum treatments that will bring changes for the better for your overall health.
It must be understood that gargling cannot replace the function of brushing teeth and tartar cleaning. To get rid of tartar, you are recommended to do scaling. In addition to dental care and gum at home, it is advisable to check your teeth to the dentist regularly, every six months.