Difference Between Corona Virus and Ordinary Flu
Windowofworld.com – Lately, the public has been shrouded in concern over the Corona virus outbreak. Because the Corona virus infection that attacks the respiratory system has symptoms similar to the common cold, but can be fatal. So, what distinguishes the common cold from Corona virus infection?
Both the common cold and Corona disease are both caused by viruses that attack the human respiratory tract. However, the two viruses are from different groups and have different characteristics.
The virus that causes flu comes from the rhinovirus group. This virus spreads from human to human and most often attacks children or adolescents. Rhinovirus infections can occur throughout the year, but most often in the rainy season.
Differences in Symptoms of the Common Flu and Corona Virus Infection
The following are differences in symptoms from the common cold and Corona or COVID-19 virus infections that you need to know about:
The common cold
The common cold occurs when rhinovirus attacks the respiratory tract. Generally, complaints that arise come from the nose and throat (upper respiratory tract). The symptoms are as follows:
- Nasal congestion and runny
- Sore throat
- Mild headache
- Fever (rare)
These symptoms usually only appear 1-3 days after exposure to the virus from other people who are sick.
Just like rhinovirus, Corona virus also infects the respiratory tract. Therefore, people affected by Corona virus infection can experience symptoms similar to flu. Even so, the Corona virus that is now being epidemic more often causes complaints in the lower respiratory tract.
There are 3 main symptoms that can appear in COVID-19 patients, namely:
- High fever
- Hard to breathe
In addition, COVID-19 patients can also experience other symptoms, such as muscle pain, headache, sore throat, runny nose, diarrhea, nausea and vomiting. Although this symptom is very rare.
In severe cases, COVID-19 infection can cause serious complications, such as acute respiratory distress syndrome, severe pneumonia (pulmonary infection), pulmonary edema, and malfunction of body organs, such as the kidneys.
Treatment of flu and Corona Virus Infection
Treatments for the flu and Corona virus infections cannot be compared, because the two diseases are indeed very different. The following is an explanation of the treatment of flu and Corona virus infections:
The common cold
The flu can generally heal itself in 4-9 days. The better our immune system, the faster the body will fight rhinovirus. Therefore, the doctor will advise the patient to rest, as well as eat, and drink enough water.
Meanwhile, to ease flu symptoms doctors will usually give:
1. Chlorpheniramine and pseudoephedrine
Flu drugs with this combination can be consumed to relieve complaints of stuffy and runny nose. Chlorpheniramine works by blocking histamine compounds that cause swelling in the nasal arteries, while pseudoephedrine will shrink the dilated blood vessels due to histamine.
2. Paracetamol and ibuprofen
Both of these drugs can be used to treat flu symptoms accompanied by mild fever. Both paracetamol and ibuprofen are available in a variety of brands, and are very easy to find in pharmacies or drug stores.
3. The combination of paracetamol, chlorpheniramine, pseudoepherine, and guaifenesin
If you have a cold accompanied by fever, cough with phlegm, and runny nose, you can take cold medicine with a combination of paracetamol, chlorpheniramine, pseudoephedrine, and guaifenesin to relieve these symptoms.
Until now, no treatment or vaccine has been found that is really able to overcome or prevent COVID-19 infection. However, symptoms of COVID-19 which are like the common cold can be alleviated with cold medicine.
Although no vaccine has been found that can prevent Corona virus infection, you can minimize the risk of getting this infection by:
- Wash your hands with soap and water for at least 20 seconds.
- Use a mask for every activity outdoors or in public places.
- Increase drinking water.
- Get enough rest.
- Do not touch the eyes, nose and mouth with dirty hands.
- Avoid contact with people who are coughing and fever.
Corona virus infection can cause symptoms that are mild to very severe and life threatening. Symptoms of a mild Corona virus infection can indeed be similar to the symptoms of a common cold. Therefore, you need to be more observant in recognizing the different symptoms of COVID-19 from the common cold, based on the above explanation.
If you experience flu symptoms, especially those that do not heal for more than one week and are accompanied by a high fever, consult a doctor immediately to determine the cause.