Do Pregnant Women Need Antibiotics for Zika Virus?
Windowofworld.com – The spread of the Zika virus began to be discovered in the United States in 2016. Babies born to pregnant women infected with the Zika virus have the potential to experience health problems, including microcephaly. Babies with this condition have delayed head growth and brain damage.
The Zika virus has also been linked to Guillain-Barre syndrome, which attacks the immune system. Usually, the Zika virus is spread by mosquitoes. However, sexual intercourse can also be a medium of transmission.
Zika virus is transmitted by dengue mosquitoes
Actually, Zika virus has been around since 1947. At that time, the virus was discovered in Uganda. The Zika virus is transmitted through the Aedes mosquito, a mosquito that also carries the dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF), yellow fever, and chikungunya virus.
Mosquitoes that bite sufferers of the Zika virus can spread it to other people who are then bitten. Numerous studies have shown that this virus can be found in the blood, semen, urine, saliva and tears of infected people.
Symptoms of Zika Virus Infection
Some of the symptoms of Zika virus infection are fever, rash, joint pain, and redness on the whites of the eyes. However, most people are not aware of the infection. This is because only one in five people with the Zika virus will experience these symptoms.
In fact, most people infected with the Zika virus don’t experience any symptoms. These symptoms can appear on the third to 14th day after a mosquito bite. The symptoms will last in a matter of days to a week.
Zika Virus in Pregnant Women
Immediately consult a doctor if you experience these symptoms, especially if you are pregnant. Likewise, if you have recently visited a Zika virus endemic area, any pregnant woman who experiences symptoms of Zika should undergo further tests. The following is the impact of the Zika virus on pregnancy and the fetus.
1. Microcephalus in Infants
Babies born to women with Zika virus infection have the potential to develop microcephaly. In this condition, the baby has growth problems on the head. As a result, there is fatal damage to the baby’s brain.
Sometimes, Zika virus infection in pregnant women, can cause miscarriage. Therefore, health checks are recommended for pregnant women in the first semester. Because during this period, the fetus is still experiencing the formation of body organs.
2. Fetal Infection
A number of studies show, the fetus can experience infection. As it turns out, microcephaly is not the only impact of the Zika virus on babies. This virus can cause decreased brain tissue, eye damage, and joint and muscle disorders.
Treatment for Zika Virus Infection
Until now, there is still no specific treatment for Zika virus infection. However, there are treatments available to relieve various symptoms. In addition to resting and consuming enough fluids, you will also be recommended to take drugs such as acetaminophen (such as Tylenol).
This class of drugs is useful for relieving fever and joint pain. Unfortunately, a vaccine to prevent the Zika virus is not yet available. Likewise with antibiotics for the virus.
Zika Virus Infection Prevention
If you plan to visit endemic areas, it’s best to use a mosquito repellent throughout the day. Additionally, it is recommended that you wear long-sleeved shirts and pants, both indoors and out.
This is because the mosquitoes that spread the Zika virus are very active during the day. Especially outdoors. So, if you want to use sunscreen lotion, you can apply it first, before applying anti-mosquito lotion.