3 Step Process of Drug Rehabilitation
Windowofworld.com – Drug abuse and illegal drugs (narcotics) show an increasing trend in Indonesia. Drug rehabilitation is an effort to save users from the shackles of drugs.
Drug abuse mostly begins with trial and error in a social environment. The longer the use, the higher the risk of addiction. If it continues, then the dose of drugs used will also be even greater to achieve the desired condition (jazzed or high), to the point of not being able to spend a day without drugs without experiencing symptoms of drug withdrawal (sakau).
Symptoms of Drug Addiction
Some of the symptoms that indicate a person is already in the stage of addiction include the desire to take drugs every day or several times a day, the dose needed is getting bigger and bigger, the desire to use drugs cannot be resisted. Users also ensure drug supply continues to be available and are willing to spend money only to buy drugs, even willing to commit criminal acts to get it.
Some of the symptoms that can arise due to continued drug use are mindset disorders, decreased memory, and feel a strong desire that is difficult to block to use drugs.
From the social side, drug addicts appear to withdraw from their families and the wider environment and are negligent in fulfilling obligations and activities, such as work or school, also often do things that risk endangering themselves and others, for example driving a motorized vehicle while at under the influence of drugs.
For adolescent users, there seems to be a decrease in achievement or the frequent absence of school and no interest in other activities at school. There seems to be a loss of energy and motivation, and improper dressing. Teen users also appear to be increasingly confined themselves and there are drastic changes in socializing with friends and family.
Early Treatment for Drug Addiction
The key to drug rehabilitation is to do it as fast as possible. This requires a psychiatrist or addiction expert who can deal with the problem of drug dependence.
Like other addicts, drug addicts often deny the condition and are difficult to be asked to carry out rehabilitation. Usually it takes intervention from family or friends to motivate and encourage drug users to want to undergo rehabilitation.
1. Medical treatment
Handling with drugs will be carried out under the supervision of a doctor, depending on the type of drug used. Drug users using heroin or morphine will be given drug therapy such as methadone. This medicine will help reduce the desire to use drugs.
Another type of medication that can be used to help with drug rehabilitation is naltrexone. However, this drug has several side effects and is only given to outpatients after receiving detoxification treatment. Naltrexone will inhibit the effects of drugs in the form of feelings of pleasure, happiness, health, and pain relief, and reduce the desire to take drugs.
Counseling is an important part in treating drug abuse. Counseling conducted by the counselor to drug users in rehabilitation will help the user recognize the problem or behavior that triggers the dependency. Counseling is usually done individually. However, it is also possible to do counseling in groups.
Counseling aims to assist recovery programs, such as restarting healthy behaviors or strategies to deal with situations that risk drug use again. The counselor is responsible for understanding how drug addiction is to a person as a whole, as well as understanding the social environment around him to prevent the recurrence of drug abuse.
Handling to overcome the effects of drug dependence needs to involve various other aspects, such as social aspects and moral support from the closest people and the environment. Not infrequently drug addicts can return to normal activities and live life better after undergoing medical treatment, plus good moral and social support.
Stages of Medical Rehabilitation
There are three stages of drug rehabilitation that must be undertaken, namely:
1. The first stage
The stage of medical rehabilitation (detoxification), the process by which addicts stop drug abuse under the supervision of a doctor to reduce the symptoms of withdrawal (sakau). At this stage drug addicts need to get monitoring in the hospital by a doctor.
2. Second stage
Non-medical rehabilitation stage, namely with various programs at the rehabilitation site, for example therapeutic communities (TC) programs, religious approaches, or moral and social support.
3. Third stage
The advanced development stage, which will provide activities according to interests and talents. Addicts who have successfully passed this stage can return to the community, either to go to school or return to work.
There are several requirements that need to be fulfilled before a person can undergo the drug rehabilitation program, including the completeness of the rehabilitation request letter, urine test results, overall medical examination results, the willingness of parents or guardians who can represent, and other administrative requirements.
What needs to be understood, the process of breaking away from drugs for its users is not easy. In addition to undergoing drug rehabilitation, they also need the support of their families and communities in order to return to a healthy and productive life. If you or someone you know is struggling to fight drug addiction, don’t hesitate to consult a psychiatrist.