Ear Infection Medications Based on the Causes

Windowofworld.com – Ear infection medications can be used to treat infections of the ear and relieve symptoms, such as swelling, pain, or discharge from the ear. Even so, drugs for ear infections must be adjusted to the cause, so as not to cause even more severe disorders.

Ear infections can cause discomfort that can interfere with daily activities. In addition, if left for a long time, this condition can cause serious complications, such as deafness.

The following are common types of ear infections:

  • Outer ear infection (otitis external)
  • Acute middle ear infection (acute otitis media)
  • Chronic middle ear infection (chronic otitis media)

Conditions that require ear infections

Symptoms of ear infections, such as ear pain, itching, and fever, usually resolve on their own within 2-3 days. This is because the ear naturally has a system of protection against infection.

However, if the symptoms don’t go away or the infection is severe, an ear infection medication is needed to overcome it and prevent complications. The following are signs of ear infection that must be treated:

  • High fever
  • Ears are very painful or full
  • Swelling around the ear
  • Ear discharge comes out
  • Hearing loss

Ear Infection Drugs Based on the Causes

To find out the cause of the ear disorder, the doctor will ask for complaints felt by the patient and examine the diseased ear. If you find an infection in the ear, your doctor may also do additional tests to determine whether the infection is caused by bacteria, fungi, or viruses.

After that, the doctor will give medications that is appropriate to the cause of the ear infection. Ear infections that may be prescribed are:

1. Antibiotics

Antibiotics are used if ear infections are caused by bacteria. The medicine given is usually in the form of ear drops, but if necessary, the doctor will also give antibiotics to be taken by mouth.

When prescribed antibiotics for ear drops, make sure you use them properly. Antibiotic drops are used in a reclining position with the ears facing upward. Drop a few drops of antibiotics, then let stand for 1-2 minutes.

2. Antifungal

Symptoms caused by bacterial and fungal infections can be similar. Therefore, treatment usually starts with antibiotics first. Antifungal starts when additional results show that the cause is fungus or if treatment with antibiotics is not successful.

One of the common antifungal drugs prescribed to treat ear infections due to fungi is clotrimazole.

3. Antivirus

Antivirus is usually only given to ear infections caused by shingles, which is also called Ramsay-Hunt syndrome. In addition, ear infections due to viruses are generally caused by infections of the upper respiratory tract, such as a cold cough, and can heal by itself.

4. Pain relievers

Ear infections can cause pain that can make it difficult for sufferers to do activities, even difficult to rest. To overcome this, the doctor will prescribe pain relievers, such as paracetamol and ibuprofen. Not only that, doctors can also prescribe corticosteroid drugs to relieve inflammation or swelling in the ear.

How to Maintain Ear Health?

To avoid infection, you must maintain good ear health. Some tips that you can do to maintain ear health are:

1. Clean the ears properly

Most people clean their ears with a cotton bud. Actually, this is not necessary, because the ear already has the ability to remove its own impurities.

You just clean the outside of the ear using a washcloth or clean tissue. Cleaning the ears using a cotton bud can push deeper dirt or even injure the eardrum.

2. Keep ears dry

If your ears are moist or wet, bacteria can easily enter and multiply. Therefore, after bathing or swimming, make sure your ears are dry. If you feel water coming into your ear, tilt your head immediately and pull your earlobe back so that the water comes out.

Ear infection medications can treat and treat complaints due to the development of bacteria, viruses, or fungi in the ear. However, the medicine must be adjusted to the cause of the infection. Careless use of the drug not only makes the ear infection not heal, but also can make the condition worse.