First Aid for Asthma Must Be Known
If you or a family member suffers from asthma, it is important to know the proper ways of first aid in asthma. Thus, you do not panic and know what to do if a sudden asthma attack occurs.
Asthma can make sufferers difficult to breathe. When an asthma attack comes, the airways will swell, narrow, and produce a lot of mucus. This condition can happen to anyone, no matter what age and gender. Ranging from babies to adults, both women and men.
The triggering factors for asthma attacks are different for each person. Things that can trigger asthma symptoms can include dust, cigarette smoke, animal hair, fatigue, stress, or drug side effects.
Although it cannot be cured, the onset of symptoms of asthma can at least be anticipated and prevented. With proper treatment, asthma symptoms can be controlled so that it does not interfere with the lives of sufferers.
Symptoms of an Asthma Attack
Asthma attacks can occur suddenly, anytime, and anywhere. Symptoms include:
Wheezing (wheezing), which is the sound of ‘ngik’ when breathing.
Shortness of breath or shortness of breath.
The chest feels heavy or full.
Severe coughing, usually occurs at night making sleep difficult.
Suddenly felt weak.
Difficulty speaking, due to shortness of breath.
Beware if asthma attacks that appear quite severe, marked by severe shortness of breath accompanied by pale skin, lips and fingers appear bluish.
First Aid to Asthma
If you feel you have an asthma attack, stay calm and take the following first aid steps with asthma:
Sit and take a slow, steady breath. Once again, try to stay calm, because panic will only make the asthma attack worse.
Spray an inhaler for asthma every 30-60 seconds, a maximum of 10 sprays.
Call an ambulance if you don’t have an inhaler, asthma gets worse even after using an inhaler, there’s no improvement despite spraying the inhaler 10 times, or if you feel worried.
If the ambulance hasn’t arrived within 15 minutes, repeat step number 2.
If you see other people having an asthma attack, you can help by practicing first aid in the following asthma:
Call an ambulance.
Help the person to sit up comfortably, while loosening their clothes to avoid tightness.
Keep asthma sufferers who are recurrent from the possibility of triggers, such as dust, cold air, or pets.
Ask asthma triggers in patients, if possible.
If the person has asthma medication, such as an inhaler, help him to. If he does not have an inhaler, use the inhaler that is in the first aid kit. Do not use inhalers from other asthma sufferers.
To use an inhaler, first remove the lid, shake it, then connect the inhaler to the spacer, and attach the mouthpiece to the spacer.
After that, stick the mouthpiece on the patient’s mouth. Try to keep the patient’s mouth covering the entire end of the mouthpiece.
When the patient takes a slow breath, press the inhaler once. Ask him to keep breathing slowly and as deeply as possible, then hold your breath for 10 seconds.
Spray the inhaler four times, with an interval of about 1 minute each time the spray.
After four sprays, wait up to 4 minutes. If breathing is still difficult, give four more sprays at the same time.
If there is still no change, give four inhaler sprays every 4 minutes, until the ambulance arrives.
If the asthma attack is severe, spray the inhaler 6-8 times every 5 minutes.
If you have an asthma attack or see someone else experience it, immediately seek help by calling an ambulance. Take the help steps above while waiting for help to arrive, and don’t leave an asthma sufferer alone.
Emergency medical care should be given as soon as possible if an asthma sufferer has difficulty breathing to appear pale, his lips turn blue, unable to speak, or faint.