First Aid for Choking People
Windowofworld.com – Choking occurs when a foreign object, food, or liquid blocks the respiratory tract or the flow of air in the throat. To prevent fatal consequences, let’s understand first aid for choking people.
Choking cases generally happen to babies or children because they like to put various objects into their mouths. Whereas in adults, cases of choking usually occur as a result of swallowing food or drinks in a hurry.
How to Perform First Aid for a Choking Person
If it’s not severe, choking may only make the sufferer feel a lump in the throat. In this condition, you can ask the choking person to cough to clear the congestion in the throat. In addition, you can also ask him to regurgitate objects that are obstructing his airways.
However, in more severe conditions, choking can make the sufferer unable to speak or breathe and develop a condition called asphyxia. If not helped immediately, this condition can make the person deprived of oxygen and lose consciousness. If the food that comes in is in the form of fluids, aspiration pneumonia can occur and this condition can endanger the patient.
Therefore, if you find a condition like this, there are several ways first aid for choking people that you can do:
Give a pat or punch behind your back
You can do this by standing behind the person who is choking and then asking him to lean forward. After that, give five strokes with the heels of your hands between the shoulder blades. Repeat until the foreign object has cleared the throat.
Perform abdominal thrusts
This technique is also called the Heimlich maneuver, which is done by pressing the solar plexus area firmly to remove obstruction of a foreign object in the throat passageway.
You can start in a standing position behind the person who is choking, then wrap your arms around their waist and give a tight hug. Next, clench one hand directly above the solar plexus and pull the fist tightly with the other hand, pressing against the solar plexus as hard as possible. Do this five times, or repeat until the foreign object is clogging out of the throat.
If the person is unable to breathe or is unconscious, seek medical help immediately, for example by bringing the patient to the nearest hospital or calling an ambulance. While waiting for medical help to arrive, you can try to do CPR (heart and lung resuscitation) techniques. But if you can’t do it, find people nearby who can do CPR techniques to save the life of a choking victim.
Special Handling to Help Choking Babies
How to help choking babies is not the same as helping adults choke. Some of the above techniques should not be done on babies. The first thing you can do to help a baby choke is to place the baby on his stomach on your lap, with his head lower than his body.
Hold the baby’s head by holding it on both cheeks to ensure the airway is open. Give five gentle but firm pats between the baby’s shoulder blades while making sure that the clogging object has come out.
It is important to give first aid to choking people immediately, so there are no life-threatening complications. After that, still take the patient to the hospital to get the necessary examination and treatment.