3 Functions of Folic Acid in the Body
Windowofworld.com – Folic acid is a water-soluble form of the B-complex vitamin. This substance is needed in body development because it is multifunctional, from helping the DNA production process to the formation of red blood cells.
The existence of this nutrient has long been known to be important as a health guard for all ages, especially for pregnant women because of its many benefits for the baby in the womb. Not only for pregnant women and fetuses, folic acid is also included in one type of nutrition that is good for pregnant programs.
What Are the Functions of Folic Acid?
Some of the benefits that the body gets when sufficient folic acid includes:
1. The process of forming body cells goes well
Folic acid collaborates with vitamin B12 and vitamin C to help the body break down, use, and form new proteins. These protein compounds will help form red blood cells and produce DNA, building the basic foundation of the body that carries a person’s genetic information.
2. Avoid anemia
One of the functions of folic acid is to form red blood cells. Without sufficient folic acid, the production of red blood cells will always be below normal so you are prone to anemia.
3. Prevent birth defects
The formation of the central nerve has occurred since the beginning of the fetus growing in the womb. Folic acid plays a very important role in preventing defects in the brain and nerves, such as anencephaly or spina bifida. These nutrients also play an important role in the formation, repair and function of DNA, which will affect placental growth and fetal development.
So pregnant women need more intake of folic acid to avoid babies born with defects. Folic acid is also important for consumption by mothers who are undergoing a pregnant program.
Foods Rich in Folic Acid
It is very important for the benefits of folic acid for our bodies, right? Luckily, foods that contain folic acid are available in abundance. Some foods rich in folic acid that are easily found around us include:
- Green vegetables, such as spinach, broccoli, and lettuce.
- Nuts, such as peas.
- Fruits, such as melons, bananas, and lemons.
- Folate fortified foods, such as bread, cereals, and juices.
How To Get Sufficient Folic Acid?
The need for folic acid itself varies from person to person. Some things that affect the body’s need for folic acid include age and gender. Certain conditions, such as pregnancy, can also affect the level of folic acid the body needs.
Generally, the recommended consumption of folic acid for men and women is 400 micrograms / day for ages over 13 years. Meanwhile, pregnant women are advised to meet 500 micrograms / day of all ages. Folic acid or folate as a vitamin for babies is needed in doses of 85-90 micrograms per day.
If you can’t meet your folic acid needs from food, you can take folic acid supplements. Taking folic acid supplements should be based on a doctor’s recommendation. This is to ensure that the dose of vitamin B that is obtained is in accordance with the needs and condition of your body.