5 Important Function of the Placenta to Know
Windowofworld.com – The placenta or more familiarly called the placenta is an organ that is formed since early pregnancy. The presence of the placenta to accompany the fetus in the womb is not without reason, you know. C’mon, refer to this article to find out what is the function of the placenta.
The placenta is formed early in pregnancy, about 2 weeks after conception. This 500-gram organ supports fetal growth and development, and protects it from disease. With varying shapes, the placenta generally attaches to the top, back, or side of the uterus.
Function of the Placenta During Pregnancy
As mentioned above, the placenta has an important role to support the development of the baby in the womb. Well, here is the function of the placenta during pregnancy:
1. Distribute oxygen and nutrients to the fetus
The fetus needs oxygen and nutrients to be able to live and develop during the womb. But to get it, it does not mean the fetus is breathing through the nose or eating through the mouth, you know, Bun. Oxygen and nutrients obtained by the fetus are obtained from the body of the Mother.
Oxygen and nutrients from the body of the mother will be carried by the blood and flowed into the placenta. After that, the intake will be transferred directly to the fetus through the umbilical cord that is connected from the placenta to the fetus.
2. Removing waste material from fetal blood
In addition to supplying oxygen and nutrients, the placenta also functions to remove metabolic waste that is no longer needed by the fetus. The remaining substances will be flowed back into your bloodstream and then released with the rest of the metabolism that you produce.
3. Producing pregnancy support hormones
Another important function of the placenta is to produce pregnancy hormones, namely estrogen, progesterone, and human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG). These hormones are very important in supporting fetal development and maintaining pregnancy.
4. Protect the fetus from bacterial infections
The placenta also functions as a barrier for bacteria that may be present in your body. So if you have a bacterial infection, the placenta will protect the fetus from contracting the infection.
5. Distributing antibodies from mother to fetus
At the end of pregnancy, the placenta will distribute antibodies that you have to the fetus. These antibodies can provide immunity for your child to avoid disease. But after Little was born, antibodies from the Mother can only last until he reaches 3 months. So, it is important for Little to keep getting immunized.
Looking at the various functions of the placenta, this organ is arguably a very important component in pregnancy. Disorders of the placenta can be dangerous for the health of the fetus. So, do not be surprised if every time a pregnant woman controls, the doctor will check the condition of the placenta.
Therefore, it is very important for Mother to carry out checks to the doctor routinely during pregnancy. In addition, Mother also needs to maintain a healthy lifestyle so that the condition of the pregnancy and the placenta is always good.