The Dangers of Gonorrhea in Pregnancy and Newborns
Windowofworld.com – The sexually transmitted disease gonorrhea can affect pregnancy and newborns. But there is no need to worry, because gonorrhea can be treated.
Gonorrhea is an infectious disease that is most commonly transmitted through vaginal, anal, or oral sexual contact with an infected person. This condition is caused by infection with the bacteria Neisseria gonorrhoeae.
N. gonorrhoeae bacteria can live and thrive in warm and moist reproductive tracts, such as the cervix, uterus (womb), and fallopian tubes (fallopian tubes) in women. The bacteria can also develop in the urethra (the tube that carries urine from the bladder out of the body) in women and men, in the mouth, throat, and anus.
Gonorrhea Dangers in Pregnancy
A mother who is pregnant may not know if she has been infected with gonorrhea. This is because the symptoms of gonorrhea in pregnant women are mostly non-specific. If there is, the symptoms can be similar to the complaints that can occur in a normal pregnancy, such as vaginal discharge, bleeding, or spotting of blood in the vagina.
If gonorrhea in pregnant women is not treated promptly, various pregnancy complications will arise. For example, the possibility of miscarriage, premature labor, premature rupture of the membranes, infection of the lining of the inner uterus (endometritis), and ectopic pregnancy (pregnancy outside the uterus).
In addition, gonorrhea infection also makes pregnant women more susceptible to HIV and several other sexually transmitted infections (STIs), and increases the risk of developing uterine infections after childbirth.
Gonorrhea Dangers in Newborns
Women who are pregnant and have gonorrhea can pass the infection to their babies during labor. This occurs when the baby comes into contact with the mother’s genital fluids. Symptoms of gonorrhea in infected infants usually appear 2-5 days after delivery.
Infants infected with gonorrhea can develop conditions such as pink eye (conjunctivitis), severe infections (sepsis), arthritis, skin infections, infection of the fluids and tissues that surround the brain and spinal cord (meningitis). These conditions can cause disability or blindness in the baby.
Pregnant women who are infected with gonorrhea or other sexually transmitted diseases during pregnancy should get tested. This test is performed during the first antenatal care visit and is repeated during the final trimester of pregnancy. Examination needs to be done both on pregnant women and their partners.
Gonorrhea can be treated with antibiotics that are safe to take during pregnancy. Treatment should be given to pregnant women and their partners. In addition, husband and wife who are undergoing treatment may not have sexual intercourse until the treatment is completely finished and is declared cured.
Babies born to mothers with gonorrhea need to be treated immediately after birth to prevent infection. If an eye infection occurs, the baby can be treated with antibiotics.
If you are pregnant, do not hesitate or be ashamed to consult with your doctor about gonorrhea that you may be suffering from, in order to get the necessary examination and treatment. Treating gonorrhea as soon as possible will reduce health complications in the baby.