Handling of Various Types of Wounds to Avoid Infection
Windowofworld.com – If you fall off your bicycle or get a knife cut while cutting vegetables, you are sure to get wounds. Be it minor cuts, lacerations, or burns, all require proper treatment and care.
This is because wounds, especially those that are open, are at risk of developing an infection that can be more serious. For that, see how to clean and treat the following types of wounds.
Handling of Minor Wounds
Don’t panic if your wound is bleeding a little. In this case, blood plays a role in cleaning the wound. In other words, bleeding a little bit is not harmful and can be beneficial for wound healing. Bleeding from minor cuts and scrapes will usually stop quickly.
If the bleeding doesn’t stop, you can help by applying gentle pressure with gauze or a tissue. If the blood is leaking, put a piece of gauze or tissue on top. Let stand a few moments until the bleeding stops completely. You can also apply adhesive to let the tissue or gauze press against the bleeding wound.
When you cook, scratches or cuts on your hands when using a knife are common. However, make sure to stay calm and clean the wound immediately with cold water. Then, remove any gravel or debris with tweezers sterilized with alcohol.
Gently clean the area around the wound with soap and a clean cloth. Don’t use irritating soaps, iodine solutions, alcohol, or hydrogen peroxide. All you need is fresh, clean water to treat cuts and scrapes.
Wound handling can also be done by administering antibiotic creams or ointments. Antibiotic creams and ointments not only keep wounds moisturised, but they can reduce the risk of infection. If you want to use an antibiotic cream, apply a thin layer to the wound.
However, be aware that certain antibiotic creams can trigger a rash in some people. If you get a rash, stop using the ointment. If the wound you have is internal to your body and you risk friction with clothing, be sure to cover it with a bandage.
The friction from the clothing risks reopening the wound or even infecting the wound. When in doubt, cover the wound with an adhesive bandage to prevent bacteria. Make sure to change the dressing every day.
Signs of wound healing
As soon as you get a small cut or scratch, your body will immediately begin a healing mechanism. White blood cells will attack bacteria that cause infection. Platelets, red blood cells, and fibrin create a jelly-like clot over the wound and a protective hard coating forms immediately.
Burns are divided into three levels of severity, namely minor, moderate, and large. The handling of burns for the three levels of severity is of course different. The following are burn treatments that can be done:
1. Handling Minor Burns
Most of us have experienced minor burns, either from being exposed to hot water or accidentally being exposed to a hot iron. To fix this, immediately cool the area with a cold cloth or cold water to keep the skin from exposure to heat that continues to burn.
After that, wash the burn with soap and water and dry it with a gentle rub. Let the blisters form on their own. This is a formation that can help protect the skin as it heals.
2. Management of moderate burns
If you have moderate burns, actually treating this level of burns is not much different from minor burns. First of all, you need to clean the wound in cold water for 10-15 minutes and apply a compress if there is no running water.
Don’t use ice to cool the burn, as it can lower your body temperature and cause more pain and damage to your skin. Avoid breaking the blister or rubbing toothpaste on the wound, as this can cause infection.
Next, protect your burn with sterile gauze and cover tightly with a bandage. If you are worried about your burns, you can visit a doctor. The doctor can check the severity of the burns and then prescribe antibiotics, medications, or recommend a tetanus shot, if needed.
3. Management of severe burns
Call emergency services as soon as possible. While waiting for help, you can cover the burn with sterile gauze or a cloth that doesn’t leave fibers in the wound.
Do not immerse severe burns in water or apply anything else without the guidance of a medical professional to avoid becoming infected.
Recognizing Signs of Infection in a Wound
If there is redness spreading from the area of the wound that is followed by swelling, green or yellow discharge, or an increase in temperature around the wound, you may have an infection.
Other signs that also indicate an infection are swollen lymph nodes in the neck, armpits, or groin accompanied by pain all over the body, chills, or fever. If you have any of these signs, call your doctor right away.