How To Wash Hands Properly? – It is important to understand and do how to wash hands properly. Moreover, there are still many people in Indonesia who eat directly using their hands. This habit can be bad, especially if the hands have been contaminated with germs. This can make you contract various diseases.

Hands can store many germs such as salmonella, E.coli and norovirus. These germs are found when you go to the toilet, change a baby’s diaper, process raw meat, shake hands with other people or come in contact with sources of germs, such as garbage or feces.

How To Wash Your Hands Properly?

Washing hands should be done when preparing food and before eating. Likewise, washing hands should be done before taking medication, wearing contact lenses, after going to the bathroom or changing a baby’s diaper, after touching pets, treating wounds and taking out trash.

Like this is how to wash hands properly to minimize germs and / or dirt that can cause disease:

  • Wash your hands with water, either warm or cold.
  • Pour soap into your palms. No need to use special soap. Regular soap and antibacterial soap can do the same.
  • Rub your palms together until they become foamy. Make sure all parts of your hands are exposed to soap, including the backs of your hands, wrists, between your fingers, and nails. Do it for at least 20 seconds.
  • Rinse your hands thoroughly of soap and dirt, then dry them using a clean tissue or towel.
  • Cover the faucet with toilet paper or a towel so that germs don’t stick to your clean hands.

If it is difficult to find soap and water, you can clean your hands with hand washing liquid or hand sanitizer. Pour enough liquid into the palms. Rub on all parts of the hands until the liquid dries. Make sure the product you use contains at least 60 percent alcohol. However, it’s best to wash your hands with soap and water if your hands are very dirty.

Avoid Mistakes When Washing Your Hands

Usually, without realizing it, you often make mistakes when washing your hands such as:

1. Do not use soap

Washing your hands with water is not enough because water cannot remove germs and bacteria that stick to your hands. To get rid of germs and bacteria, it is necessary to wash your hands using soap. It is recommended to use liquid soap instead of bar soap as bar soap is easier to contaminate.

2. Immediately rinse with water

Do not immediately rinse hands that have been treated with soap. At least, give it about 20-30 seconds to scrub the backs of your hands, palms and between your fingernails properly.

3. Dry your hands with a dryer

After washing your hands you usually dry using a hand dryer, right? So, from now on, avoid this habit because a study shows that drying your hands using a tissue is better than using a dryer.

4. Touch the item again

This is something that is often overlooked. After washing their hands, most people often turn off the faucet directly using clean hands without using a barrier such as a tissue. In fact, this method can make your hands immediately contaminated with germs around you.

Diseases arising from hands full of germs

How to wash your hands properly can clean your hands from germs while preventing the transmission of infections that cause disease. Here are some of the diseases including:

1. Influenza

Infection with influenza virus or flu can irritate your respiratory tract. The virus can enter the body when you eat with unwashed hands.

2. Salmonellosis

This disease caused by Salmonella bacteria will affect your intestinal tract. Most people get salmonella infection from eating food served by people who don’t wash their hands, especially when they have come into contact with feces. Apart from Salmonella bacteria, you can also be infected with other bacteria such as shigella or campylobacter.

3. Typhus

If you eat with hands that are contaminated with Salmonella typhi bacteria, you can catch typhoid. Signs that you have typhus are a headache, high fever accompanied by stomach pain, constipation or diarrhea.

4. Hepatitis A

This disease can cause inflammation and affect the way your liver works. Washing your hands regularly, especially before eating, is one way to protect yourself from hepatitis A. For food providers, washing hands before preparing and serving food can also reduce the risk of hepatitis A.

How to wash hands properly should be applied in everyday life and made a habit from an early age, to maintain health and prevent disease.