7 Causes of Itchy Ears That Can Be Dangerous
Windowofworld.com – There are several things that can cause itchy ears. Even though they are small, ears play an important role in everyday human life. Because it is filled with sensitive nerves, if there is even a slight disturbance, the ear can give certain reactions, one of which is the emergence of itching.
Itchy ears are often taken for granted. In fact, itchy ears can be a sign of a more serious health condition. Knowing the possible causes can make you better prepared to treat the condition.
Causes of Itchy Ears
Here are several causes of itchy ears that you need to know, including:
1.Ear infection (otitis externa)
Otitis externa is an infection of the canal that connects the outer ear opening to the eardrum. This condition is also called swimmer’s ear because it often occurs in adults and children who spend a lot of time swimming.
The remaining water in the ear canal can become a breeding medium for bacteria and fungi. Apart from itching and pain, infection can also cause red and swollen ears. Infection due to damage to the outer layer of the ear can also be caused by scratching, friction from wearing headphones, or cotton swabs.
One condition that often causes symptoms of itchy ears is an ear yeast infection. This disease often occurs in humid and hot climates, and in people whose ears are frequently exposed to water. Symptoms can mimic a bacterial ear infection, but they usually do not improve with antibiotic treatment.
2. Earwax buildup
The body can produce too much earwax, resulting in a buildup of wax in the ear canal. This condition is also called cerumen prop. This earwax actually acts to protect the inner ear from bacteria and dust. Trying to remove earwax using a cotton bud, can make the earwax actually get deeper in and cover the ear canal, causing pain and itching in the ear.
Psoriasis is a long-term (chronic) disease that affects the skin. Symptoms of psoriasis include a red rash, thickened, flaky skin, and feel dry and scaly. These symptoms can appear on any part of the skin, including the ears. Skin cells with psoriasis develop faster than normal, so dead skin cells accumulate and cause thick, dry and itchy skin. This condition often occurs in people aged 15-35 years, but is also not uncommon in people over 50 years of age.
4. Dry skin
Dry skin on the ears can occur when the ear doesn’t produce enough wax as a lubricant. Apart from itching, you may also find skin peeling from inside the ear.
5. Ear canal dermatitis
This condition occurs due to inflammation of the skin in and around the ear canal. Generally occurs as an allergic reaction to foreign objects, such as the use of jewelry or beauty products.
6. Use of hearing aids
The ears can react allergically to the hearing aids used. In addition, this device can also cause water to get trapped in the ear.
Rhinitis is an inflammation of the lining of the nasal cavity which can be seasonal or occur continuously. This condition can or may not be caused by allergies. Allergic rhinitis occurs when the body’s immune system reacts to foreign bodies or allergens (allergens) by secreting histamine. Apart from a runny nose and frequent sneezing, itching of the ears and throat can occur.
Handling and Prevention of Itchy Ears
Treatment of itchy ears will be adjusted to the cause of the condition. In general, here are ways you can treat itchy ears, including:
- If it is caused by the use of beauty products, they must be stopped.
- Avoid inserting objects that have the risk of irritating the ears.
- Check and clean your ears regularly at an ENT doctor, or use ear drops that can be purchased over the counter. Avoid cleaning it yourself with foreign objects, such as cotton buds or hair clips.
- Wear allergy jewelery to avoid itching due to allergies.
- People who swim frequently can wear ear plugs or clean water that gets into their ears regularly.
Although generally not dangerous, consult a doctor immediately if you experience an itchy ear that is accompanied by other symptoms, such as fever, swollen ears, discharge from the ear, ringing in the ears, or problems with hearing.
As a further treatment, an ear, nose, throat specialist can prescribe an itchy ear medication in the form of antibiotics in the form of drops or ointments to treat infection, corticosteroids to relieve inflammation, ear drops to soften earwax, or anti-fungal medications to treat fungal infections. .