4 Symptoms of Leaking Kidneys You Need to Know
Windowofworld.com – Leaking kidneys are a sign of damage or impairment in the kidneys. In the early stages, kidney leakage is often asymptomatic, so many people do not realize that their kidneys have problems. Symptoms of a leaky kidney usually only appear when kidney damage is severe enough.
One of the main functions of the kidneys is to filter blood. Healthy kidneys will filter waste and toxins to be excreted through urine. While other important substances needed by the body, such as protein, glucose, and minerals, will be reabsorbed by the kidneys and returned to the bloodstream.
When the kidneys are damaged, the kidneys function in filtering and absorbing important substances, including protein, from the blood will be disrupted. As a result, the protein will leak and participate wasted through urine.
Urine that contains less protein is generally considered normal. However, if the amount of protein that is wasted in the urine is quite a lot, this condition is called a leaky kidney.
Causes of Leaking Kidney
Leaking kidneys or proteinuria can be caused by several conditions or diseases, such as:
- Kidney diseases, such as glomerulonephritis, acute and chronic kidney failure, nephrotic syndrome, and diabetic nephropathy.
- Autoimmune diseases, such as lupus and Henoch-Schonlein purpura (HSP).
- Endocarditis or inflammation of the heart wall due to infection.
- Cancer, for example kidney cancer, lung cancer, colon cancer, and lymphoma.
- Drug side effects.
In addition to some of the causes above, a person is also more at risk of leaking kidneys if he has a medical condition or certain diseases, such as diabetes and hypertension that is not controlled, poisoning, obesity, and infection. Leaking kidneys are also more prone to occur in people who are elderly (over 65 years).
Some Signs and Symptoms of Leaking Kidneys
In the initial stages, the kidney leak rarely causes symptoms. Usually, the symptoms of a new kidney leak appear when kidney disease or other disorders that cause the kidney to leak have progressed to a severe stage.
Some signs and symptoms of kidney leak that need to be aware of, include:
1. Urine foamy or bubbly
Normal urine contains little or no protein, is clear or yellowish in color, and is thin and not foamy. If the urine looks a lot foamy or bubbly every time you urinate, this is likely caused by high levels of protein in the urine due to leaky kidneys.
Medically, the swelling in the body is called edema. This swelling occurs due to accumulation of fluid in body tissues.
When the kidneys leak, albumin protein levels in the blood decreases because some of it is wasted with urine. This will then cause fluid buildup and swelling in some parts of the body such as hands, feet, stomach, eyes and face.
3. Muscle cramps and brittle bones
Protein is an important nutrient for increasing muscle and bone strength. Lack of protein in the body will certainly cause a number of problems in muscles and bones, such as muscle cramps, fatigue, and easy fractures.
4. Susceptible to infection
Protein is a substance that acts to form antibodies to protect the body from infection. When the amount of antibodies in the body is inadequate, a person’s immune system will decrease and susceptible to infection. This makes people who have a kidney leak vulnerable to infection and fever.
In addition to some of the symptoms above, patients with leaky kidneys can also experience other symptoms such as:
- Nausea and vomiting
- Itchy, dry, peeling skin
- Decreased appetite
- Heavy breathing
- Difficult to concentrate
- Pee more often than usual.
Because it is often asymptomatic, most of the kidneys leak is only detected when the doctor performs a urine test during a routine health check. Therefore, to detect kidney leak early, it is recommended that you see a doctor, especially if you have experienced the symptoms of the leaked kidney.
If the test results show that you have a positive kidney leak, the doctor will then provide treatment according to the cause. To treat a leaky kidney, your doctor can give you medication, advise you to go on a special diet, or take dialysis.