4 Causes of Lymph Node Infection
Windowofworld.com – The appearance of a lump in certain body parts, such as the armpit or neck, can be a sign that you have a lymph node infection. Although it looks mild, you are advised to remain vigilant, because infections that occur can be caused by certain health problems.
Lymph nodes are part of the lymphatic system which plays an important role in shaping the immune system. These glands are spread in various parts of the body, such as the neck, armpits and groin.
Lymph nodes are responsible for producing white blood cells that can fight infections and cancer cells and destroy toxic substances.
Although it plays a role in fighting infections, sometimes lymph nodes can also become infected. If this happens, the lymph nodes will swell and become inflamed. In medical terms, infection of the lymph nodes is called lymphadenitis.
However, in addition to lymph node infections, swollen lymph nodes can also occur because the body is trying to fight infections in organs or other parts of the body.
Lymph node infections can occur in just one gland or throughout the body’s glands. Some lymph node infections are painful, but some are painless.
Besides causing swollen lymph nodes, lymph node infections can also usually cause other symptoms such as fever, night sweats, body fatigue, and weight loss without cause.
Causes of lymph node infection
The following are some infectious diseases that can cause lymph node infections:
1. Viral infection
Viral infection is one of the common causes of infection of lymph nodes. There are many diseases caused by viral infections that can cause the lymph nodes to become infected and swell, including:
- Chicken pox
- Glandular fever or mononucleosis
- HIV / AIDS
2. Bacterial infection
Not only viruses, bacteria can also cause lymph node infections. Some diseases caused by bacterial infections that can cause lymph node infections include:
- Streptococcus infection
- Staphylococcus infection
- Sexually transmitted infections, such as chlamydia and syphilis
- Cat’s claw disease (cat scratch disease)
- Lymph node tuberculosis
3. Fungal infections
In addition to bacterial and viral infections, there are several diseases caused by fungal infections that can also cause lymph node infections, namely tinea cruris, candidiasis, coccidiomycosis, and histoplasmosis. These fungal infections are easier to occur in people who have weak immune systems.
4. Parasitic infections
Diseases caused by parasitic infections can also cause swelling and infection of the lymph nodes. Some diseases caused by parasitic infections in question are toxoplasmosis, leishmaniasis, and worm infections, such as filariasis or elephantiasis.
Swollen lymph nodes are often caused by several infectious diseases above. However, in some cases, swollen lymph nodes can also be caused by other diseases, namely lymph node cancer or lymphoma and autoimmune diseases.
Therefore, if you experience swelling or infection of the lymph nodes, you should immediately consult a doctor to determine what causes the swelling.
After the causes are known, the doctor will give the right treatment to treat the swelling or infection of the lymph nodes that you experience.