More than 1 Billion People at Risk of Displacement by 2050
Windowofworld.com – Rapid population growth, lack of access to food and water, and an increasing incidence of natural disasters put more than 1 billion people at risk of displacement by 2050.
These estimates are based on new analyzes of global ecological threats. Compiled by the Institute for Economics and Peace (IEP), it creates an annual index of terrorism and peace. The Ecological Threats Register uses data from the United Nations (UN) and other sources to assess eight ecological threats and predict which countries or regions are most affected. risky.
With the projected world population growing to nearly 10 billion by 2050, increasing resource struggles and conflict, research shows as many as 1.2 billion people living in vulnerable areas in sub-Saharan Africa, Central Asia and the Middle East may be forced to flee by 2050.
In comparison, ecological factors and conflict resulted in the displacement of around 30 million people in 2019, according to the report.
“This will have huge social and political implications, not only in the developing world, but also in the developed world, when mass displacement will trigger a greater flow of refugees to the most developed countries,” said Steve Killelea, founder of the IEP.
The agency classifies various threats into two broad categories, namely food insecurity, water scarcity and population growth, under one category. Then the other category is natural disasters, including floods, droughts, cyclones, rising sea levels and rising temperatures.
The result is an analysis that assesses how many threats each 150 countries have and their capacity to deal with them.
India and China are most threatened by water scarcity in other decades. Pakistan, Iran, Mozambique, Kenya and Madagascar face a combination of threats and weak capabilities to deal with them.
The world today has 60% less fresh water than it was 50 years ago, while the demand for food will increase by 50% in the next 30 years.