6 Types of Non-Communicable Diseases That Cause the Most Death
Windowofworld.com – Non-communicable diseases are types of diseases that cannot be transmitted from person to person through any form of contact. However, some types of non-communicable diseases have a fairly high mortality rate.
Mortality from non-communicable diseases is high. Based on data from WHO in 2018, there are an estimated 41 million people who die from non-communicable diseases each year. The data shows that almost 71% of deaths worldwide are caused by non-communicable diseases.
Based on data released by the Indonesian Ministry of Health, it is estimated that there are at least 1.4 million people die each year due to non-communicable diseases. Most non-communicable diseases are chronic (chronic diseases).
Learn More About Non-Communicable Diseases and their Risk Factors
There are several factors that can increase the risk of non-communicable diseases, including genetic or hereditary factors, age, and environmental factors, such as pollution.
In addition, non-communicable diseases are also more likely to occur in people who have unhealthy lifestyles, for example:
- Lack of exercise
- Smoking habit
- Alcohol consumption
- Unhealthy eating patterns, such as eating fast food, foods high in cholesterol, salt and sugar, and consuming less vegetables and fruit
6 Types of Non-Communicable Diseases with High Death Rate
Non-communicable diseases (PTM) can attack all organs of the body. Therefore, there are many types of non-communicable diseases that can occur.
However, of the many types of non-communicable diseases, there are several diseases that are at high risk of causing death, namely:
1. Cardiovascular disease
Cardiovascular disease is a group of diseases of the heart and blood vessels. Heart and blood vessel disease are the number one category of chronic diseases that cause death in the world. The emergence of this disease is closely related to high blood pressure, obesity, and atherosclerosis.
This cardiovascular disease consists of several types and most of these diseases endanger the lives of sufferers. The most common types of cardiovascular disease that cause death are heart attack, coronary heart disease, stroke and heart failure.
Diabetes is a chronic non-communicable disease characterized by high blood sugar levels. Diabetes can be caused by hereditary factors and unhealthy lifestyles, such as rarely exercising, and often eating foods high in sugar and fat.
Uncontrolled diabetes can cause damage to organs and various dangerous complications, such as heart disease, blindness, kidney failure, severe infections, diabetic ketoacidosis, and hyperglycemic hyperosmolar syndrome (HHS).
Cancer is a non-communicable disease with the second highest mortality rate after heart and blood vessel disease.
In Indonesia, the types of cancer that cause the most deaths in men are lung cancer, prostate cancer, and colorectal cancer, while in women, the types of cancer that cause the most deaths are breast cancer, colorectal cancer, and cervical cancer.
4. Chronic respiratory disorders
Chronic respiratory disorders are one of the non-communicable diseases that still occur in Indonesia. This disease most often occurs due to smoking, exposure to cigarette smoke, or often inhaling dirty air polluted by pollution.
Some types of non-communicable diseases that attack the respiratory tract include:
- Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)
- Pulmonary hypertension
Occupational lung diseases, such as excessive inhalation of toxic gases or hazardous substances at work
If left untreated, the above diseases can cause severe respiratory problems that can trigger respiratory failure. This has high potential to cause death.
5. Kidney disease
There are several types of kidney disease. Two of the most common causes of death are chronic kidney disease and acute kidney failure. WHO estimates that there are around 5-10 million people who die from kidney disease worldwide each year.
Many people with kidney disease who need treatment for a lifetime. One way is to run dialysis or hemodialysis. If not handled properly, kidney disease can cause permanent kidney damage which is at high risk of causing death.
6. Mental disorders
Mental disorders is a non-communicable disease that is often considered not serious. This is because there are still many people who do not understand or even provide stigma about mental health problems.
According to WHO, the death rate due to mental disorders is quite high. It is estimated that there are at least 8.6 million people with mental disorders who die every year throughout the world.
Of the many types of mental disorders that exist, some of the most often causing premature death are severe depression, schizophrenia, and bipolar disorder. Most of the causes of death in people with mental disorders are suicide and drug abuse.
In addition to the diseases mentioned above, transportation accidents and work-related accidents are also medical conditions that cause many deaths. Data from the Indonesian Ministry of Health states that transportation accidents and work-related accidents are among the top 10 leading causes of death nationally.
Some people suffer from non-communicable diseases due to hereditary factors. Therefore, if you have a family that has certain diseases, such as heart disease, diabetes, or cancer, then you are advised to consult a doctor.
Non-communicable diseases cannot be prevented completely. However, your risk for this disease can be reduced by avoiding the risk factors, namely through the application of a healthy lifestyle.
In addition, routine routine health checks are also important. The aim is to detect non-communicable diseases as early as possible so that the doctor can determine the appropriate treatment steps to overcome the disease.