3 Types of Normal Blood Pressure According to WHO
Windowofworld.com – Every person needs to know what blood pressure is normal for himself as an effort to prevent hypertension. The reason, hypertension is still one of the major health problems in the world.
According to the world health organization (WHO), normal blood pressure for adults is 120/80 mmHg. The figure 120 hhmHg shows systolic pressure, which is the pressure when the heart pumps blood throughout the body. While the number 80 mmHg shows diastolic pressure, which is the pressure when the heart muscle relaxes and receives blood returning from the whole body.
Classification of Blood Pressure According to WHO
A person’s blood pressure can be classified based on height. Each classification shows the condition of heart health and the treatment that needs to be given to him. Following is the classification of blood pressure according to WHO:
As explained previously, normal blood pressure according to WHO is less or equal to 120/80 mmHg. Normal blood pressure needs to be maintained every day. The trick is to adopt a healthy lifestyle, from eating healthy foods, maintaining an ideal body weight, to exercising regularly.
Blood pressure can reach prehypertension if the number is above 120/80 mmHg to 139/89 mmHg. Pre-hypertensive conditions have a higher risk of cardiovascular events, such as coronary heart disease and stroke. Changes in healthy lifestyles and prescribing blood pressure-reducing drugs from doctors may be needed by patients, so there is no risk of serious medical conditions decreasing.
Blood pressure is considered hypertension if the number is above 140/90 mmHg. At this stage, the doctor will usually prescribe several combinations of blood pressure control drugs, such as ACE inhibitors, alpha-blockers, beta-blockers, and diuretics. In addition, sufferers also still have to live a healthy lifestyle in accordance with doctor’s recommendations.
Tips for Maintaining Normal Blood Pressure
Blood pressure is one of the vital signs of the body that must be monitored regularly. By having normal blood pressure, your body’s functions will be able to work optimally, and prevent serious health risks due to hypertension.
In an effort to maintain normal blood pressure according to WHO, the Indonesian Ministry of Health provides tips on a healthy lifestyle with CERDIK. Here are tips you can do:
- Periodic health check
- Get rid of cigarette smoke
- Diligent physical activity
- A healthy and balanced diet
- Enough rest
- Manage stress well
In addition, you are also encouraged to do a Blood Pressure Check at Home. Of course you need to have a tensimeter at home. But in this way, blood pressure control becomes more efficient and practical. But remember, you should consult with your doctor first to get tips and instructions right in measuring blood pressure at home.
If you don’t have a tensimeter at home, don’t forget to visit your doctor regularly for a health check-up, at least once a year. This is important because hypertension can come without symptoms. However, do not worry, if indeed your blood pressure is high, the doctor will decide what treatment is suitable for overcoming it.