What Are Normal Uric Acid Levels?
Windowofworld.com – Many people equate gout with disease. Though uric acid is a natural compound produced by the body. As long as you can maintain normal uric acid levels, uric acid will not cause problems. What is dangerous is when the levels are high because it can trigger kidney disease and rheumatism, gout.
Uric acid is formed from the process of breaking down purines found in food and beverages. For example red meat, seafood, liver, mackerel, beans and beer. Then the blood carries the purine to the kidneys to be filtered, and the rest is excreted through the urine. If the body produces excess uric acid and the kidneys are no longer able to get rid of it, it can invite joint inflammation due to the formation of solid crystals in the joints.
To find out how much uric acid levels are in your body, it is necessary to do several tests such as a uric acid test in the blood and a uric acid test in the urine.
Blood Uric Acid Test
Blood tests can be done to determine the possibility of gout rheumatism or inflammation of the joints due to high levels of uric acid. Test results can usually be obtained in a short time (depending on each laboratory), especially when using a wireless uric acid test kit. It should be noted that there may be differences in reference values between one laboratory and another. But don’t worry, because usually the laboratory will list the references used. Here is one reference for normal uric acid levels.
- Women: 2.4–6.0 milligrams per deciliter (mg / dL)
- Men: 3.4–7.0 mg / dL
- Children: 2.0–5.5 mg / dL
If your uric acid levels are high, but you have no complaints of rheumatism, you may not need treatment. Conversely, if the uric acid level is normal but you experience rheumatic symptoms of gout, it means that the uric acid has crystallized and requires treatment.
Generally, rheumatism is experienced by elderly people. Men are more at risk of getting uric acid than women. Consult your doctor if you experience the following symptoms of gout rheumatism:
- Joint pain that comes and goes
- Usually most felt on the big toe
- It’s hard to walk
- The painful joint looks red and difficult to move
- If left untreated, the pain can last up to more than 1 week
Uric Acid Test in Urine
If the kidneys are unable to remove uric acid from the blood normally, the uric acid level in the urine will decrease. But high uric acid levels in the urine will stimulate the formation of kidney stones. Therefore a urine test is also needed to determine the possibility of kidney stones due to high levels of uric acid.
To do a urine test, record the time you urinated for the first time in the morning. This is useful for marking the initial 24-hour urine collection time. The urine from the first urination does not need to be stored.
Store urine from the second urination onwards for up to 24 hours. Enter the urine into a sample bag given by the laboratory. Take it to the laboratory for examination. Normal uric acid levels in urine collected for 24 hours are 250-750 mg or 1.48-4.43 millimoles (mmol).
How to Maintain Normal Uric Acid Levels?
There are several ways that can be done to maintain normal uric acid levels, such as:
- Limit consumption of red meat, seafood, liver, and sardines
- Avoid alcoholic drinks such as beer and others, but a little wine does not increase the risk of gout
- Try to quit smoking
- Avoid drinks with artificial sweeteners, such as canned or boxed drinks
- Processed soybeans should also be avoided.
- Get regular exercise. A healthy body weight can reduce the risk of gout
- Drink enough water to avoid dehydration.
Do not take gout lightly, if left untreated, gout can cause more serious conditions and are dangerous to health. By maintaining a healthy diet and lifestyle, controlling normal uric acid levels is not something that is difficult to achieve.