Nosebleeds: Types, Causes and Treatment – Nosebleeds with symptoms of blood flowing out of the nose are common, especially in children between 2-10 years old and adults between 50-80 years old.

This condition is often a symptom of certain health conditions, but partly due to environmental factors and air temperature. For more details, consider the causes and ways to treat the following nosebleeds.

Types of Nosebleeds

In general, there are two types of nosebleeds that often occur, namely nosebleeds originating from the front of the nose (anterior) or nosebleeds that originate from the back (posterior).

1. Anterior nosebleeds

The wall that divides your nostrils, called the septum, has many blood vessels. If there is a hard collision or collision, these vessels can rupture, eventually causing injury and bleeding. Most of this type of nosebleed starts at the bottom of the septum, which means it is close to your nostrils.

2. Posterior nosebleeds

This is a rarer type. The bloodstream starts deeper behind your nose. Posterior nosebleeds are more likely to occur in older people, those with high blood pressure, or those with facial injuries.

It can be difficult to tell if you have a posterior or anterior nosebleed. Both can cause blood to flow to the back of your throat if you lie on your back. However, posterior nosebleeds can be much more serious and may require more emergency medical assistance.

Causes of Nosebleeds

Most nosebleeds are spontaneous, that is, they occur unexpectedly and have no known cause. But if you have frequent nosebleeds, there may be a number of reasons that could be the cause, such as:

  • Dry climates or hot dry air that can dry out the inside of your nose
  • Picking your nose or rubbing the inside of your nose too hard
  • Flu and colds
  • Blow your nose too hard
  • Nose injury
  • Allergy or drug intake that can dry out the inside of the nose
  • Sinus infection

In addition, nosebleeds can also be caused by bleeding disorders, but this is rare. If the nosebleed doesn’t stop or you are bleeding a lot from the gums, then you should see a doctor immediately.

Bleeding disorders like this can have serious meanings because the platelets in your blood that help blood clot are either missing or not functioning.

In some cases, nosebleeds can be caused by genes that run in the family. A rare condition called “Hereditary Hemorrhagic Telangiectasia” (HHT) works to affect the condition of the blood vessels.

The main symptom is recurring nosebleeds that appear out of nowhere and get worse over time. If you have HHT, you may often wake up at night with a pillow covered in blood, and you may see red spots appearing on your face or hands.

If one or both of your parents have this condition, you must consult your doctor for an examination. Next, you can take treatments to help manage your symptoms.

How To Treat Nosebleeds?

  • Sit up straight and avoid lying down. By positioning yourself sitting you can reduce the pressure on the nasal blood vessels. In other words, you can stop the bleeding and nosebleeds from happening.
  • Tilt or lean forward. This method is done to direct the blood out through the nose and prevent it from entering the throat.
  • If you feel blood flowing into your mouth, remove and discard the blood. Swallowing blood risks triggering nausea and vomiting.
  • Press the nose with the thumb and forefinger gently for 10 minutes to apply pressure to the source of bleeding. This can stop the bleeding like a normal wound would. While doing this, breathe in through your mouth.
  • Use a cold compress on the bridge of the nose to slow down and stop bleeding.