Nutritionists: Duties and Conditions that Require Consultation
Windowofworld.com – Nutritionists are specialists whose job is to provide advice and information to patients about nutrition management and health problems, involved in the diagnosis and treatment of health problems related to nutrition.
Nutritionists are special professions, people who devote themselves in the field of nutrition and have knowledge and or skills through a special education in nutrition. Nutritionists have an important role especially in regulating nutrition in special groups, including people with cancer, diabetes, kidney disease, or in pregnant women, as well as society as a whole.
Not only learns how nutrients are digested, absorbed, used, stored, and released by the body, clinical nutrition also learns about the relationship between food and nutrients with health and nutrition-related diseases, both acute and chronic. In addition, nutrition also studies its relation to metabolic processes in the aspects of preventive, curative and rehabilitative health.
Duties and Roles of Nutritionists
Nutritionists play an important role in improving health and preventing disease in individuals and society. In implementing nutrition services, nutritionists can carry out nutrition service practices, either independently or work in health service facilities, such as health centers, clinics, and hospitals. Can also be a nutrition consultant in an organization, community, aid or charity project, and research.
In implementing nutrition services in health service facilities, nutritionists are involved in the following matters:
- Providing nutrition consulting services, nutrition education, and dietary procedures.
- Determine nutritional status, factors that influence nutritional disorders, and nutritional status.
- Enforce the diagnosis of diseases related to nutritional problems based on the results of physical examinations and tracking of medical history conducted.
- Determine goals and plan nutritional interventions by calculating nutrient requirements, food forms, quantities and feeding according to the patient’s condition
- Design and change the composition of the diet, and apply it from menu planning to food serving suggestions.
- Conducting research and development of nutrition in accordance with the development of science and technology to administer nutrition service administration.
Special Health Conditions that Require Nutritionists
Not only helps to plan the best patterns and diets for a diet program or a healthy weight loss and a healthier body, consultation with a nutritionist may need to be done by a group of people with certain health conditions, such as:
- Malnutrition, either due to poor nutrition or obesity.
- Immune system disorders.
- Diseases of the digestive system.
- Heart disease.
- High blood pressure.
- High cholesterol.
- Kidney and liver disease.
- Pregnancy and breastfeeding.
Consultation to a Nutritionist
In the nutrition power profession, there are nutritionists as well as dietitians or dietitians. Nutrition management often involves collaboration between nutrition specialists (spGK) and nutritionists in planning a diet that is suitable and in accordance with your needs.
At the first visit, a nutritionist will check your general health condition and trace your medical history, diet and exercise, as well as information about the medicines you are taking.
For example in the case of a diabetic patient, a nutritionist will provide diabetes related information during a consultation session, as well as giving you and your family advice to control the disease by adopting a healthy diet for diabetics, the type of exercise you can do, to supporting supplements to control your illness. .
You may need to make several visits for at least 6 months to a nutritionist, depending on your progress and overall health. In addition to the consultation session, returning control to a nutritionist to routinely monitor nutritional status according to a predetermined schedule is also an important step to evaluate whether there is an improvement in health conditions and nutritional status after undergoing a nutrition improvement program.
Keep in mind, despite having responsibilities and roles in the same field, nutrition specialists and nutritionists are not the same.
Nutrition specialist is a doctor in charge of handling the patient’s condition and improving the nutritional status of the patient according to the needs and conditions of the disease. While nutritionists have more role in determining the portion and type of food, providing education about nutrition, and helping patients in undergoing healthy eating patterns.